Erosion Control Toolbox: Liners and Seedlings


Liner plants

Liners and seedlings work involves planting small perennial or woody shrubs as typically supplied by commercial nurseries. Liners are in containers between 1.5 to 3 inches in diameter and 8 inches in depth. Seedlings are approximately the same size as Liner plants but are a bare root plant without a container.

When to Use This Treatment

Use for disturbed slopes or flat areas for revegetation or erosion control purposes.


  • For more reliable revegetation Liners and Seedlings can supplement planting provided by hydroseeding or dry seeding alone
  • Vegetation provides long-term control of erosion
  • Can be used in areas with limited vehicular access


  • Availability must be verified prior to specyfing, as specific plant material may be limited
  • Protection from erosion provided only after plant growth has begun
  • May require planting during the rainy season or supplemental irrigation for effective plant establishment

Consider Using With

Standard Specifications

  • Refer to Standard Specifications - Section 20 Landscape
  • Refer to Standard Special Provisions - Section 20 Landscape

Estimate Information

  • For Liners use BEES code 204013 - Plant (Group M)
  • For Seedlings use BEES code 204015 - Plant (Group S)


  • H. Dana Bowers, et al. 1947. Erosion Control on California State Highways
  • California Department of Transportation, "Roadside Erosion Control and Management Studies", May 2008.
  • David Steinfield, Scott Riley, Kim Wilkinson, Thomas D. Landis, Lee Riley, et. al. 2017. "Roadside Revegetation, An Integrated Approach to Establishing Native Plants and Pollinator Habitat"
  • Michael Hogan, 2009. "Sediment Source Control Handbook, An Adaptive Approach to Restoration of Disturbed Areas"
    • Toolkit Tool 11 - Vegetative Treatments, pg 130

Updated: January 22, 2019