Caltrans Mobile Source Emissions Model (DTIM)
What? The Direct Travel Impact Model (DTIM) reads two main file types, a trip assignment file from travel demand models (including link and trip end volumes) and automotive air pollutant emission and fuel consumption rates from the California Air Resources Board EMFAC (Emission FACtors) model. It then calculates direct impacts (air pollutant emissions, greenhouse gasses and fuel consumption) and reports the impacts in a variety of forms and levels of detail.
Gridded Start Hydrocarbon emissions in SACOG. From Niemeier Atmospheric Environment 38, 2004
Why? The Federal Clean Air Act, AB 32, SB 375 and SB 743 require estimates of fuel consumption by or emissions (toxics, ozone precursors, greenhouse gasses) from motor vehicles for satisfying air quality, energy conservation, or greenhouse gas reduction standards. In California, ARB’s EMFAC/Burden model is often used to make those estimates; this model facilitates making those estimates in the transportation planning and project development context with the travel estimates that are part of those analyses. EMFAC emission and fuel consumption rates would continue to be used. MAP-21 strengthens this mandate under its Congestion Management and Air Quality section.
How? DTIM performs detailed calculations (link-wise and zone-wise) using travel model outputs (trip assignment files) so it is sensitive to many more strategies than the Burden portion of ARB's EMFAC model. Since their development in the 1980s the most defining feature of DTIM and EMFAC7+ has been their stratified calculation of mobile source impacts into running (hot stabilized), start, and park (evaporation) processes. The U.S. EPA incorporated a similar treatment in its parallel models.
Products? The immediate product would be a sound method of calculating emissions with EMFAC and travel demand models so that alternative scenarios can be evaluated on their detailed emissions and fuel use consequences. This model has not been maintained so is currently disfunctional.
Who will benefit? DTIM will provide detailed emission estimates that will improve transportation decision making in California.