Chapter 6: Sampling and Testing, Section 1: Sample Types and Frequencies


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Published: June 2020


Section 1 Sample Types and Frequencies

6-101 General

Sampling and testing materials and products must be in accordance with contract specifications. Sampling and testing are of equal importance for assuring materials and products meet acceptance specifications.

Caltrans representatives must be familiar with materials handling and processing methods to assure representative samples are obtained. Caltrans representatives should be sufficiently knowledgeable about test methods to ensure compatibility between sample and test procedure.

Samples for acceptance must be taken in accordance with California Test 125, “Methods of Test for Sampling Highway Materials and Products Used in the Roadway Structural Sections,” or sampling requirements in specifications. For California Tests, Caltrans representatives must be qualified testers in accordance with the Independent Assurance Manual.

It is the resident engineer’s responsibility to assure the safety of the Caltrans representative. In accordance with Material Plant Quality Program or California Test 109, “Method for Testing of Material Production Plants,” the district weights and measures coordinator inspects material plants for safety in areas that the Caltrans representative will enter.

In certain situations, to assure the Caltrans representative’s safety, the contractor will take acceptance samples for Caltrans. The Caltrans representative must witness the contractor taking acceptance samples. The Caltrans representative must determine when the sample is taken and observe that the sample is taken in accordance with California Test 125, or sampling requirements in specifications. The Caltrans representative must take possession of the sample from the contractor and transport it to a Caltrans office or the testing laboratory. The Caltrans representative must properly fill out form TL-0101 “Sample Identification Card.”

The resident engineer is responsible for the chain of custody for material acceptance samples. Material acceptance samples and dispute resolution samples must be in Caltrans’ possession from the sampling point. Adequate sample storage facilities must be arranged for at construction field offices or other Caltrans facilities. The chain of custody for material samples is an important part of the Caltrans quality assurance program.

6-101A References

  • Independent Assurance Manual, Division of Engineering Services, Materials Engineering and Testing Services (METS), Caltrans:

https://dot.ca.gov/programs/engineering-services/manuals

  • California Test Methods, METS, Caltrans, available at:

https://dot.ca.gov/programs/engineering-services/california-test-methods

  • American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO), American Society for Testing and Materials International (ASTM), and other test methods are available at the IHS Standards Expert intranet website, which can be accessed from a link on the METS website:

http://des.onramp.dot.ca.gov/materials-engineering-and-testing-services-mets

  • Material Plant Quality Program, Division of Construction, Caltrans, available at:

https://dot.ca.gov/programs/construction/material-plant-quality-program

6-102 Types of Sampling and Testing

The following are the types of sampling and testing used by Caltrans.

6-102A Preliminary Samples and Tests

Preliminary samples and tests are made prior to award of a contract. Construction personnel rarely perform preliminary sampling and testing. The district materials engineer is responsible for preliminary sampling and testing. Such tests are used for design purposes, and to provide data for the materials information package for prospective bidders.

6-102B Initial Samples and Tests

Initial samples and tests are performed on materials proposed for use in the project. These initial tests determine whether proposed materials sources, local materials, or products meet the specifications.

Construction personnel may sample potential sources. For soils and aggregate tests, send samples to the district materials laboratory. Tests may be performed by the district materials laboratory or METS, depending on their respective capabilities.

Sampling and testing potential local materials is not mandatory unless specified. Charge the contractor for the cost of sampling and testing potential local materials sources in accordance with Section 6, “Control of Materials,” of the Standard Specifications.

The normal time required for testing initial source samples of potential local materials sources is shown in Table 6-1.1.

Table 6-1.1. Time Required for Source Testing

Material

Time

Aggregates for hot mix asphalt

2 weeks

Aggregates for cement treatment

4 weeks

Aggregates for concrete mixture

4 weeks

Aggregates for concrete pavement

60 days

Screenings for seal coats

2 weeks

Soils (R-Value)

3 weeks

Untreated base materials

3 weeks

6-102B (1) Unprocessed Soils and Aggregates

The discussion on unprocessed soils and aggregates is primarily applicable to preliminary and initial sampling, although the same precautions apply when sampling for specification compliance.

6-102B (1a) Stone from Ledges and Quarries

Inspect the ledge or quarry face to determine any variations in strata, or in portions of the ledge. Observe and record differences in color and structure. Obtain separate samples of unweathered stone from all strata that appear to vary in color and structure.

6-102B (1b) Material Sites of Sand, Gravel, or Soil

Select samples representing the different materials available in the deposit. If the deposit is worked as an open face or pit, take the samples by channeling the face so that they will represent material that visual inspection indicates may be used. It is necessary, especially in small deposits, to excavate test holes some distance in back of, and parallel to, the face to determine the extent of the supply. The number and depth of these test holes depend on the quantity of material to be used from the deposit. Obtain samples from open test pits by channeling a face of the test pit in the same manner as sampling a face of a materials site. Do not include material in the sample that will be stripped from the pit as overburden. Obtain separate samples from the face of the bank and from the test holes. If visual inspection indicates that there is considerable variation in the material, obtain separate samples at different depths.

Use test holes to sample deposits that have no open faces. When sampling material sites, select depth and spacing of test holes considering the probable method of operating the pit. In general, dozers will combine the material laterally. A shovel will remove the material vertically. Test results in a “spotty” pit may be misleading to the extent that operations may be too expensive to make the required grading.

If possible, use a dozer or shovel to open up the pit before sampling rather than depending on test holes.

6-102B (2) Processed Aggregates

Sample processed aggregates from locations such as stockpiles, transportation units, conveyors, or windrows in accordance with California Test 125, “Methods of Test for Sampling Highway Materials and Products Used in the Roadway Structural Sections.”

6-102C Acceptance Samples and Tests

Acceptance tests are generally performed on materials that will be incorporated into the work. Some acceptance tests are performed on materials already incorporated into the work. Acceptance sampling and testing should begin as soon as the material is delivered or in place.

Sample materials at the locations specified in the Standard Specifications, the special provisions, or as required by California Test 125. If the sampling location is not specified, sample at the location indicated in the materials acceptance sampling and testing requirements tables in Section 6-107, “Materials Acceptance Sampling and Testing” of this manual. Regardless of location, sample randomly and within the frequency specified to obtain representative samples of the material used in the work.

On Form TL-0101, “Sample Identification Card,” use the “Priority” designation for the first few acceptance samples of each construction material. Use “Priority” for verification tests for acceptance. Use the “Priority” designation for all samples if the material being supplied is of questionable quality or if the construction means and methods or source of materials changes. For “Priority” tests, indicate if there is a preference for telephoned, faxed, or emailed test results on Form TL-0101, “Sample Identification Card,” along with the telephone number of the person who is to receive them.

For “Priority” and “Normal” processing times for acceptance tests of materials, refer to Table 6-1.2, “Time Required for Materials Acceptance Tests,” of this manual.

The minimum time required for acceptance tests of products is shown in Table 6-1.2, of this manual.

Make sure acceptance samples are shipped or transported to testing laboratories within the following timeframes:

  1. Within 1 business day from sampling for projects within 50 miles of the testing laboratory
  2. Within 2 business days from sampling for projects more than 50 miles from the testing laboratory

The above timeframes are not applicable where specific sampling or test method requirements preclude doing so, for example, curing of specimens prior to transport.

Assure that proper chain of custody is maintained throughout the process, including delivery to and receipt from commercial shipping services.

Use Form CEM-3701, “Test Result Summary,” to summarize acceptance test frequency and test results on each material. Use this form to record sampling and testing related dates and monitor timeliness of acceptance testing. Compare timeliness of material testing turnaround against Table 6-1.2, and verify that corrective actions are taken and documented where repeated deficiencies are detected.

Notify contractor of all acceptance test results within 2 business days of receipt from laboratory. Advise the contractor that all test results are available for their inspection, and provide copies of these test results upon their request. Maintain copies of the test results within the project files for ready accessibility.

Table 6-1.2. Time Required for Materials Acceptance Tests (1 of 4)

Material and Test

Sample to Lab (Note 1)

(business days)

Lab Time Priority (Note 2)

(business days)

Lab Time Normal (Note 2)

(business days)

Reporting to Contractor (Note 3)

(business days)

Total (business days)

SOILS

Gradation (CT 202)

1 to 2

1

3

2

4 to 7

Sand Equivalent (CT 217)

1 to 2

1

3

2

4 to 7

Relative Compaction (CT 231/216)

1 to 2

1

2

2

4 to 6

Plasticity Index (Geosynthetic Reinforced Embankment)

1 to 2

3

7

2

6 to 11

pH (Geosynthetic Reinforced Embankment)

1 to 2

2

3

2

5 to 7

Percentage Crushed Particles (Shoulder Backing – CT 205)

1 to 2

2

5

2

5 to 9

Durability Index (Shoulder Backing – CT 229)

1 to 2

2

5

2

5 to 9

R-value (Imported Borrow – CT 301)

1 to 2

4

6

2

7 to 10

Subbases and Bases

Relative Compaction (CT 231/216)

1 to 2

1

2

2

4 to 6

Gradation (CT 202)

1 to 2

1

3

2

4 to 7

Sand Equivalent (CT 217)

1 to 2

1

3

2

4 to 7

R-value (CT 301)

1 to 2

4

6

2

7 to 10

Durability Index (CT 229)

1 to 2

2

5

2

5 to 9

Compressive Strength (CTB aggregate – CT 312)

-

Age based

Age based

2

Age +2

Compressive Strength (LCB–ASTM C39)

-

Age based

Age based

2

Age +2

Compressive Strength (LCB – rapid setting – CT 521)

-

Age based

Age based

2

Age +2

Modulus of Rupture (Concrete base – CT 523)

-

Age based

Age based

2

Age +2

Modulus of Rupture (Rapid strength concrete base – CT 524)

-

Age based

Age based

2

Age +2

Percentage of Crushed Particles (CT 205)

1 to 2

2

5

2

5 to 9

Los Angeles Rattler (CT 211)

1 to 2

2

4

2

5 to 8

Cleanness Value (CT 227)

1 to 2

2

3

2

5 to 7

Film Stripping (CT 302)

1 to 2

2

7

2

5 to 11

Asphalt Content (ATPB – CT 382)

1 to 2

1

5

2

4 to 9

Soundness (CTPB – CT 214)

1 to 2

8

10

2

11 to 14

Seal coats

Los Angeles Rattler (CT 211)

1 to 2

2

4

2

5 to 8

Percentage of Crushed Particles (CT 205)

1 to 2

2

5

2

5 to 9

Film Stripping (CT 302)

1 to 2

2

7

2

5 to 11

Gradation (CT 202)

1 to 2

1

3

2

4 to 7

Table 6-1.2. Time Required for Materials Acceptance Tests (2 of 4)

Material and Test

Sample to Lab
(Note 1)

(business days)

Lab Time Priority (Note 2)

(business days)

Lab Time Normal (Note 2)

(business days)

Reporting to Contractor (Note 3)

(business days)

Total (business days)

Seal coats (Continued)

Gradation (ASTM C136)

1 to 2

1

3

2

4 to 7

Cleanness Value (CT 227)

1 to 2

2

3

2

5 to 7

Durability Index (CT 229)

1 to 2

2

5

2

5 to 9

Sand Equivalent (CT 217)

1 to 2

1

3

2

4 to 7

Viscosity (AASHTO T 59)

1 to 2

3

15

2

6 to 19

Viscosity (ASTM D7741)

1 to 2

3

15

2

6 to 19

Viscosity (ASTM D445)

1 to 2

3

15

2

6 to 19

Flash Point (ASTM D92)

1 to 2

3

15

2

6 to 19

Aromatics (ASTM D2007)

1 to 2

7

15

2

10 to 19

Cone Penetration (ASTM D217)

1 to 2

3

15

2

6 to 19

Resilience (ASTM D5329)

1 to 2

3

15

2

6 to 19

Settlement (AASHTO T 59)

1 to 2

7

30

2

10 to 34

Sieve Test (AASHTO T 59)

1 to 2

3

15

2

6 to 19

Demulsibility (AASHTO T 59)

1 to 2

3

15

2

6 to 19

Torsional Recovery (CT 332)

1 to 2

3

15

2

6 to 19

Penetration (AASHTO T 49)

1 to 2

3

15

2

6 to 19

Ring and Ball Softening Point Temperature (AASHTO T 53)

1 to 2

3

15

2

6 to 19

Field Softening Point (ASTM D36)

1 to 2

3

15

2

6 to 19

Elastic Recovery (AASHTO T 301)

1 to 2

4

15

2

7 to 19

Ductility (AASHTO T 51)

1 to 2

4

15

2

7 to 19

BBR (AASHTO T 313)

1 to 2

5

8

2

8 to 12

HMA

Gradation (AASHTO T 27)

1 to 2

1

3

2

4 to 7

Sand Equivalent (AASHTO T 176)

1 to 2

1

3

2

4 to 7

Los Angeles Rattler (AASHTO T 96)

1 to 2

2

4

2

5 to 8

Percent of Crushed Particles (Coarse) (AASHTO T 335)

1 to 2

2

5

2

5 to 9

Percent of Crushed Particles (Fine) (AASHTO T 335)

1 to 2

2

5

2

5 to 9

Flat and Elongated Particles (ASTM D4791)

1 to 2

2

4

2

5 to 8

Fine Aggregate Angularity (AASHTO T 304, Method A)

1 to 2

2

4

2

5 to 8

Asphalt Binder

Flash Point (AASHTO T 48)

1 to 2

3

15

2

6 to 19

Solubility (AASHTO T 44)

1 to 2

3

15

2

6 to 19

Viscosity (AASHTO T 316)

1 to 2

3

15

2

6 to 19

Table 6-1.2. Time Required for Materials Acceptance Tests (3 of 4)

Material and Test

Sample to Lab (Note 1)

(business days)

Lab Time Priority (Note 2)

(business days)

Lab Time Normal (Note 2)

(business days)

Reporting to Contractor (Note 3)

(business days)

Total (business days)

HMA (Continued)

Dynamic Shear – Original Phase (AASHTO T 315)

1 to 2

3

15

2

6 to 19

Dynamic Shear – RTFO Phase (AASHTO T 315)

1 to 2

4

15

2

7 to 19

Dynamic Shear – PAV Phase (AASHTO T 315)

1 to 2

5

15

2

8 to 19

RTFO Test (AASHTO T 240)

1 to 2

3

15

2

6 to 19

Ductility (AASHTO T 51)

1 to 2

3

15

2

6 to 19

Elastic Recovery (AASHTO T 301)

1 to 2

3

15

2

6 to 19

PAV (AASHTO R 28)

1 to 2

4

15

2

7 to 19

Creep and Stiffness (AASHTO T 313)

1 to 2

5

15

2

8 to 19

Binder Recovery (AASHTO T164 / ASTM D1856)

1 to 2

2

15

2

5 to 19

Binder Recovery (AASHTO R 59)

1 to 2

4

15

2

7 to 19

Asphalt Rubber Binder

Cone Penetration (ASTM D217)

1 to 2

4

15

2

7 to 19

Resilience (ASTM D5329)

1 to 2

4

15

2

7 to 19

Softening Point (ASTM D36)

1 to 2

3

15

2

6 to 19

Viscosity (ASTM D7741)

1 to 2

3

15

2

6 to 19

Asphalt Modifier Properties (ASTM D445, ASTM D92, ASTM D2007)

1 to 2

3

15

2

6 to 19

Crumb Rubber Modifier (CRM) properties (CT 208, CT 385, ASTM D297)

1 to 2

7

30

2

10 to 34

Hot Mix Asphalt Mix

Moisture Content (AASHTO T 329)

1 to 2

2

5

2

5 to 9

Asphalt Binder Content (AASHTO T 308, Method A)

1 to 2

2

5

2

5 to 9

Hamburg Wheel Track (AASHTO T 324 [Modified])

1 to 2

7

30

2

10 to 34

Bulk Specific Gravity (AASHTO T 275)

1 to 2

2

7

2

5 to 11

Maximum Theoretical Density (AASHTO T 209)

1 to 2

2

7

2

5 to 11

Field Softening Point (ASTM D36)

1 to 2

3

15

2

6 to 19

Elastic Recovery (AASHTO T 301)

1 to 2

4

15

2

7 to 19

Ductility (AASHTO T 51)

1 to 2

4

15

2

7 to 19

BBR (AASHTO T 313)

1 to 2

5

8

2

8 to 12

Table 6-1.2. Time Required for Materials Acceptance Tests (4 of 4)

Material and Test

Sample to Lab (Note 1)

(business days)

Lab Time Priority>(Note 2)

(business days)

Lab Time Normal (Note 2)

(business days)

Reporting to Contractor (Note 3)

(business days)

Total (business days)

Concrete Pavement

Los Angeles Rattler (CT 211)

1 to 2

2

4

2

5 to 8

Cleanness Value (CT 227)

1 to 2

2

3

2

5 to 7

Gradation (CT 202)

1 to 2

1

3

2

4 to 7

Sand Equivalent (CT 217)

1 to 2

1

3

2

4 to 7

Modulus of Rupture (CT 523)

-

Age based

Age based

2

Age +2

Thickness (CT 531)

2

2

7

2

6 to 11

Dowel bar alignment and concrete consolidation

2

2

5

2

6 to 9

Tie bar alignment and concrete consolidation

2

2

5

2

6 to 9

Coefficient of Friction (CT 342)

7*

2

5

2

11 to 14

Inertial Profiler (AASHTO R 56 & R 57)

7*

3

7

2

12 to 16

Concrete Structures

Los Angeles Rattler (CT 211)

1 to 2

2

4

2

5 to 8

Cleanness Value (CT 227)

1 to 2

2

3

2

5 to 7

Gradation (CT 202)

1 to 2

1

3

2

4 to 7

Sand Equivalent (CT 217)

1 to 2

1

3

2

4 to 7

Compressive Strength (CT 521)

-

Age based

Age based

2

Age +2

CONCRETE

Gradation (CT 202)

1 to 2

1

3

2

4 to 7

Cement (Various)

1 to 2

35

60

2

38 to 64

Supplementary Cementitious Materials (Various)

1 to 2

35

60

2

38 to 64

Shrinkage (AASHTO T 160)

1 to 2

42

60

2

45 to 64

Notes:

  1. Time to testing laboratory begins from time of sampling and includes any required field curing time and time required for transport to the testing laboratory.
  2. Time in laboratory begins from time laboratory receives the sample and includes any required laboratory curing time prior to testing and time required to prioritize samples. This time also includes the lab manager’s review of test results and the time to notify the resident engineer.
  3. Reporting time is the time from when the test is provided to the resident engineer to when the contractor is notified of the test results.

* Days to schedule lab for testing

Table 6-1.3. Time Required for Products Acceptance Tests

Product

Minimum Time

(Business Days)

Coating tests

3

Expansion joint material

3

Fencing, all types

2

Guide posts

3

Geosynthetic fabrics

3

Geosynthetic fabrics (UV testing)

45

Metal guardrail

7

Pavement markers

4

Prestressing steel

10

Reinforcing steel and wire

2

Rubber (accompanied by manufacturer test report)

3

Rubber (without test report)

14

Structural steel

10

Type B joint seal

7

6-102D Dispute Resolution Samples

Code of Federal Regulations, Title 23, Section 637.207 (23 CFR 637.207), “Quality Assurance Program,” paragraph (a)(1)(iii), states, “If the results from the quality control sampling and testing are used in the acceptance program, the STD (state transportation department) shall establish a dispute resolution system. The dispute resolution system shall address the resolution of discrepancies occurring between the verification sampling and testing and the quality control sampling and testing.” When specified, the engineer must split acceptance test samples and store the split samples in case of a disputed test result. Caltrans requires split samples to be stored in a facility under state control in case they are needed for dispute resolution.

6-102E Investigation Samples and Tests

Specific materials or quality problems such as pavement failures, difficulty in achieving percent of maximum theoretical density, or inconsistent test results may require special samples and tests. When materials problems are encountered, contact the district materials engineer. The district materials engineer may request help from METS and the Division of Construction. METS will request all acceptance test results and contractor quality control test results along with material-specific additional samples and tests in order to conduct a forensic investigation.

6-102F Research Samples and Tests

Pilot projects usually have special requirements for sampling and testing of materials.

Projects developed around research needs usually require larger samples and more frequent testing than what is required by Caltrans’ acceptance testing minimum frequencies. The unit that requested the research project will provide oversight for all of the special sampling and testing requirements.

6-103 Field Sampled Material Identification for Testing

Samples must be properly identified so the testing laboratory can function efficiently and report results to the project in a timely manner. In addition, accuracy in identifying where the material was placed in the project can be very useful if the material must be rejected by the engineer and then removed by the contractor.

For requesting faster processing of samples, use the “priority” designation as discussed in Section 6-102C, “Acceptance Samples and Tests,” of this manual.

For field material samples, except for concrete cylinder compressive strength, use Form TL-0101, “Sample Identification Card.” For concrete cylinder compressive strength, use Form TL-0502, “Field Sample of Portland Cement Concrete Sample Card.”

In general, prepare Form TL-0101 as follows:

  • Fill in every blank space with complete information, including the quantity and lot of material sampled.
  • The “Location of Source” must clearly indicate the place (that is, behind paver, stockpile, cold feed belt) where the sample was taken.
  • Indicate “Normal” for laboratory processing of sample or “Priority” if test result is needed quickly.
  • If the sample was taken at the request of the contractor from local deposits as a potential source in accordance with Section 6-1.03, “Local Materials,” of the Standard Specifications, note this under “Remarks.” Request that the district materials laboratory provides the cost of testing so that Caltrans can be reimbursed by the contractor.
  • To protect the sample identification card against moisture or stains, place it in a plastic bag or shipping label protector and tape it to the sample container.
  • Distribute copies as shown on the form on the same day the sample is shipped.
  • Prepare Form TL-0101 in accordance with the following details based on the type of material:
  • Aggregate sources must be in compliance with or not subject to the State Mining and Reclamation Act (SMARA). Verify that sources of aggregates are indicated and include the SMARA listing number. For additional information, refer to Section 7-103H (2), “Surface Mining and Reclamation Act,” of this manual.
  • For hot mix asphalt (HMA) sample be sure to:
  1. Identify the HMA plant producing the material.
  2. Identify the job mix formula (JMF) producer identification number.
  3. Include the type of mix and aggregate grading specified.
  4. Under “Remarks,” include the grade and source of the asphalt binder.
  5. Under “Remarks,” include the percentage of asphalt binder designated in the JMF.
  • For asphalt binder sample be sure to:
  1. Identify the HMA plant using the material.
  2. Identify the source of asphalt binder.

A list of approved asphalt suppliers is available at:

For nonapproved suppliers identify the refinery and shipment number for each truckload.

  • For tack coat or asphalt emulsion samples be sure to:
  1. Identify the source of the asphalt binder or asphaltic emulsion.
  2. Under “Remarks” include the dilution rate (50/50 or 60/40) for asphaltic emulsions or enter “Not Diluted.”
  • If the specification has requirements based on the use of the material, include the intended use under “Remarks.” This is especially important for electrical conductors, as the applicable specifications depend on where and how the conductor is used.
  • Prepare Form TL-0502, “Field Sample of Portland Cement Concrete Sample Card,” for each pair of cylinders shipped in the same carton as follows:
  • Fill in every blank space with complete information.
  • Indicate sources of aggregates and include the SMARA listing number. Aggregate sources must be in compliance with or not subject to SMARA. For additional information, refer to Section 7-103H (2), “Surface Mining and Reclamation Act,” of this manual. Indicate in the space for water the total weight of water used per cubic yard of cementitious material in the mix based on actual weight (not design weight).
  • Under “Remarks,” indicate the specified concrete strength.
  • Under “Remarks,” indicate if the unit weight of the hardened concrete cylinders is required. The testing laboratory will not furnish unit weight data unless it is specifically requested.
  • To protect the sample card against moisture or stains, place it in a plastic bag or shipping label protector, and tape it to the sample container.
  • Distribute copies as shown on the form on the same day the sample is shipped.

A uniform system for marking cylinders is used. This system consists of the contract number and the sample number. The sample number consists of a series of digits separated by dashes (-) to indicate: method of storage for curing; age at which cylinders are to be tested; the cylinder number of the pair, or group of five, that is to be tested; and project coding. Use a flow pen to mark the cylinders.

Following are examples of the cylinder marking system.

Example 6-1.1. Sample Cylinder Label

Contract No. 03-100844

Sample No. 1-28-1/5_ _ _ _ _

Date Cast ______________

For sample shown in Example 6-1.1:

  • The first digit indicates method 1 storage for curing.
  • The second two digits indicate that the cylinder is to be tested at 28 days.
  • The 1/5 set indicates that it is the No. 1 cylinder of 5 cylinders. The No. 2 cylinder would be marked 2/5, and so on, for the remaining cylinders of the group.
  • The last four spaces are reserved for any project coding consisting of numbers, letters, or a combination.

Note if only one sample card was made for two cylinders, the third symbol on the card would be 1,2/5.

Example 6-1.2. Sample Cylinder Label

Contract No. 03-100844

Sample No. 2-14-2/2_ _ _ _

Date Cast _____________

For sample shown in Example 6-1.2:

  • The first digit indicates method 2 storage for curing.
  • The second two digits indicate that the cylinder is to be tested at 14 days.
  • The 2/2 set indicates that it is the No. 2 cylinder of a group of 2 cylinders.
  • The last four spaces are reserved for any project coding consisting of numbers, letters or a combination.

Note if one sample card is made for the two cylinders, the third symbol on the card would be 1,2/2.

6-104 Shipping of Field Samples

Based on turnaround time needed to receive a test result, ship samples from the job site to the laboratory using the most economical mode of transportation available consistent with the time element involved. Do not accumulate samples at the project site to save transportation costs.

Concrete cylinders are shipped to the laboratory in accordance with California Test 540, “Method of Test for Making, Handling, and Storing Concrete Compressive Test Specimens in the Field.” Cylinders are shipped without removing the mold and are packed in cardboard containers available at the district warehouse. Each carton holds two cylinders.

If the district laboratory is equipped to test concrete cylinders, they should be shipped there. Otherwise cylinders may be delivered either to the Southern Regional Lab at 13970 Victoria Street, Fontana, CA 92336, or METS at 5900 Folsom Boulevard, Sacramento, CA 95819, whichever is more convenient. Ship concrete cylinders within the time limits specified in California Test 540 or the test result cannot be used as an acceptance test.

Shipping costs to district materials laboratories, the Southern Regional Lab, or METS, are to be prepaid.

6-105 Acceptance Records

Keep records of all samples and tests in the project files as permanent job records. Monitor acceptance testing frequency, results, and timelines by using Form CEM-3701, “Test Result Summary.” Corrective action or retesting of failing tests must be noted in the “Remarks” column of the form.

Documentation of the reason materials represented by failing tests were incorporated into the project must be included in the project files. For more information on procedures to follow in the case of failing tests, refer to Section 3-6, “Control of Materials,” of this manual.

It is not necessary to secure separate samples for each project when two or more projects receive materials from the same source. File a copy of the test report with each project.

6-106 Project Materials Certification

When construction work on the project is complete, prepare Form CEM-6302, “Final Materials Certification.” Use the form to certify that, other than for the exceptions listed on the form, the results of tests performed on acceptance samples show that the materials used in the work controlled by sampling and testing conform to the approved plans and specifications.

If exceptions exist, check the exceptions box and note all nonconforming materials on the form. The following are examples of nonconforming materials that must be noted as exceptions:

  • Materials accepted by applying a specified pay factor or deficiency adjustment, such as for hot mix asphalt, concrete pavement, or rapid-strength concrete.
  • Materials out of “operating range” but within “contract compliance” for which a specified payment deduction was made.
  • Materials not in compliance with the as-bid contract plans or specifications for which a change order was approved to accept the material.
  • Materials that require certificates of compliance but one or more have not been submitted.

Sign the form and put the original in the project files. Send a copy to district construction and, if the project is subject to Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) construction oversight activities, send another copy to the FHWA California division administrator. The name and address of the FHWA California division administrator is available at:

https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/cadiv/directory.cfm

6-107 Materials Acceptance Sampling and Testing

Sampling and testing materials and products must be in accordance with contract specifications. Sampling and testing are of equal importance for assuring materials and products meet acceptance specifications.

The tables that make up Table 6-1.4 contain Caltrans’ minimum sampling and testing requirements for materials acceptance. The frequency of sampling and testing indicated in the tables is to be used under normal conditions. Materials that are marginal in meeting the specifications should be sampled and tested on a more frequent basis. Request “Priority” testing for samples taken on potentially marginal materials.

When shown in the tables that testing frequencies may be adjusted, document any adjustment through a “Memo to File.” Place the “Memo to File” in the appropriate part of Category 37, “Initial Tests and Acceptance Tests,” of the project files.

Adherence to the sample size requirements shown in the tables will prevent unnecessary delays and expense of obtaining supplementary samples to complete tests.

Refer to Section 6-105 “Acceptance Records,” of this manual for documenting acceptance tests results. For more information on procedures to follow in the case of failing tests, refer to Section 3-6, “Control of Materials,” of this manual.

Table 6-1.4. Materials Acceptance Sampling and Testing Requirements: Earthwork (Standard Specifications Section 19) (1 of 3)

Test

Test Method

Sample Size & Container Size

Sampling Location

(Note 1)

Acceptance Test Frequency

Remarks

STRUCTURE BACKFILL (Section 19-3.02C)

Sieve Analysis

California Test 202

50 lb

Materials site or stockpile

1 every 3,000 tons or 2,000 cu yd

If uniform material is within specification limits, test frequency may be decreased to 1 per day

Sand Equivalent

California Test 217

50 lb

Materials site or stockpile

1 every 3,000 tons or 2,000 cu yd

If uniform material is within specification limits, test frequency may be decreased to 1 per day

Relative Compaction

California Test 231

Sample for California Test 216

Project site in accordance with California Test 231

1 every 2,000 sq yd and test compaction at every 8 in. of thickness

Relative compaction test is required at each location structure backfill is placed

Maximum Wet Density

California Test 216

35 lb

Relative compaction test site locations

1 every relative compaction test

Wet common-composite test maximum value may be used in accordance with California Test 231

PERVIOUS BACKFILL MATERIAL (Section 19-3.02D)

Sieve Analysis

California Test 202

50 lb

Stockpile

1 every 3,000 tons or 2,000 cu yd

If uniform material within specification limits, test frequency may be decreased to 1 per day

COMPACTION (Section 19-5)

R-Value

California Test 301

50 lb

Project site

Test to verify R-value if differing site conditions are encountered

If R-value testing in the materials report is incomplete because of preproject conditions, then test to verify design R-value

Relative Compaction

California Test 231

Sample for California Test 216

California Test 216

1 every 2,000 sq yd

 

Maximum Wet Density

California Test 216

35 lb

Relative compaction test site locations

1 every relative compaction test

 

Table 6-1.4. Materials Acceptance Sampling and Testing Requirements: Earthwork (Standard Specifications Section 19) (2 of 3)

Test

Test Method

Sample Size & Container Size

Sampling Location

(See Note 1)

Acceptance Test Frequency

Remarks

EMBANKMENT CONSTRUCTION (Section 19-6)

Relative Compaction

California Test 231

Sample for California Test 216

Project site in accordance with California Test 231

1 every 2,000 sq yd and test compaction at every 8 in. of thickness

 

Maximum Wet Density

California Test 216

35 lb

Relative compaction test site locations

1 every relative compaction test

Wet common-composite test maximum value may be used in accordance with California Test 231

GEOSYNTHETIC REINFORCED EMBANKMENT (Section 19-6.02B)

Plasticity Index

California Test 204

50 lb

Materials site or stockpile

1 per source prior to use

 

pH

California Test 643

50 lb

Materials site or stockpile

1 per source prior to use

 

Sieve Analysis

California Test 202

50 lb

Stockpile

Prior to use,

1 every 3,000 tons or 2,000 cu yd

If material is uniform and well within specification limits, the test frequency may be decreased to 1 per day

BORROW MATERIAL (Section 19-7)

R-Value

California Test 301

50 lb

Import borrow source

1 per source

Test for R-value only when an R-value is specified for import borrow in the special provisions; if material at import borrow source is not uniform, increase testing frequency

Table 6-1.4. Materials Acceptance Sampling and Testing Requirements: Earthwork (Standard Specifications Section 19) (3 of 3)

Test

Test Method

Sample Size & Container Size

Sampling Location

(Note 1)

Acceptance Test Frequency

Remarks

SHOULDER BACKING (Section 19-9)

Crushed Particles

California Test 205

50 lb

Materials site or stockpile

1 per project prior to use

 

Durability

California Test 229

50 lb

Materials site or stockpile

1 per project prior to use

 

Unit Weight

California Test 212

Rodding Method

50 lb

Materials site or stockpile

1 per project prior to use

 

Sieve Analysis

California Test 202

50 lb

Materials site or stockpile

1 every 3,000 tons or 2,000 cu yd

If uniform material is within specification limits, test frequency may be decreased to 1 per day

Sand Equivalent

California Test 217

50 lb

Materials site or stockpile

1 every 3,000 tons or 2,000 cu yd

If uniform material is within specification limits, test frequency may be decreased to 1 per day

Note:

  1. Refer to California Test 125 for sampling procedures.
Table 6-1.5. Materials Acceptance Sampling and Testing Requirements: Stabilized Soils (Standard Specifications Section 24) (1 of 2)

Test

Test Method

Sample Size & Container Size

Sampling Location

(Note 1)

Acceptance Test Frequency

Remarks

LIME (Section 24-2.02)

Various properties

See Standard Specifications Section 24-2.02

One 10-lb sample for each type and source of lime;

use a 2-qt airtight container

Initial sample provided by contractor; subsequent sampling from mid-point of delivery

Each 100 tons of lime, 2 per day maximum

Must be on an Authorized Material List and certificate of compliance must accompany each shipment; recommend 1 acceptance test per 5 samples of lime

LIME TREATMENT

DETERMINATION OF LIME APPLICATION RATE (Section 24-2.01D)

Unconfined Compressive Strength

California Test 373

100 lb

Native soils; test each type of material to be treated

Prior to soil stabilization work and if source of lime changes

To determine appropriate lime content

Optimum Moisture Content

California Test 373

100 lb

Native soils; test each type of material to be treated

Prior to soil stabilization work

 

VERIFICATION OF LIME APPLICATION RATE AND STABILIZED SOIL MIXTURE (Section 24-2.01D)

Lime Application (Dry Form)

Calibrated tray method or equal

Building paper or pan of known area

Surface receiving lime

Each 40,000 sq ft,
2 per day minimum

To determine if application rate is within ± 5% of ordered application rate

Lime Application (Slurry Form)

Volumetric measurement that is then reduced to lime weight

Deter-
mined over known area

Slurry holding tank

Each 40,000 sq ft,
2 per day minimum

To determine if application rate is within ± 5% of ordered application rate

Uniformity of Mixed Stabilized Soil

Phenolphthalein alcohol indicator solution spray

N/A

Representative areas

Each day at five separate locations

Taken after completion of initial mixing

Table 6-1.5. Materials Acceptance Sampling and Testing Requirements: Stabilized Soils (Standard Specifications Section 24) (2 of 2)

Test

Test Method

Sample Size & Container Size

Sampling Location

(Note 1)

Acceptance Test Frequency

Remarks

VERIFICATION OF LIME APPLICATION RATE AND STABILIZED SOIL MIXTURE (Section 24-2.01D)

Moisture Content of Mixed Stabilized Soil

California Test 226

0.25 lb each sample

Representa-
tive areas at mid depth

Each day at five separate locations to verify contractor’s quality control tests

Taken during mellowing period

Gradation of Mixed Stabilized Soil

California Test 202

25 lb

Representa-
tive areas

1 every 4,000 sq yd, 1 per day minimums

Taken prior to compaction

MIXED STABILIZED SOIL (Sections 24-2.01 and 24-2.03)

Relative Compaction

California Test 231

Sample for California Test 216

Project site in accordance with California Test 231

1 every 2,000 sq yd and test compaction at every 6 in. of thickness

 

Maximum Wet Density

California Test 216

35 lb

Relative compaction test site locations

1 every relative compaction test

Wet common-composite test maximum value may be used in accordance with California Test 231

Dimensions

Measurement

N/A

Random locations in place after compaction

As necessary for verification of stabilized soil thickness and surface grades

 

CURING SEAL-ASPHALTIC EMULSION (Section 24-1.02C)

Various properties based on asphaltic emulsion type used

Based on asphaltic emulsion type used; see Standard Specifications Section 94

1/2-gal plastic jug with screw-on lid

Sampling line leading to the spray bar

1 each shipment

Each shipment must be accompanied by a certificate of compliance; recommend 1 random test from samples taken

Note:

  1. Refer to California Test 125 for sampling procedures.
Table 6-1.6. Materials Acceptance Sampling and Testing Requirements: Aggregate Subbases (Standard Specifications Section 25)

Test

Test Method

Sample Size & Container Size

Sampling Location

(Note 1)

Acceptance Test Frequency

Remarks

AGGREGATE SUBBASE

Gradation (Sieve Analysis)

California Test 202

50 lb

Windrow or roadway

Every 3,000 tons or 2,000 cu yd (See Note 2)

If uniform material is within specification limits, frequency may be decreased to 1 test per day

Sand Equivalent

California Test 217

50 lb

Windrow or roadway

Every 3,000 tons or 2,000 cu yd (See Note 2)

If uniform material within specification limits, frequency may be decreased to 1 test per day

R-Value

California Test 301

50 lb

Windrow or roadway

Every 3,000 tons or 2,000 cu yd

R-value testing may be reduced to 1 acceptance test per project when test records demonstrate that comparable material from the same source meets minimum R-value requirements

Relative Compaction

California Test 231

Sample for California Test 216

Roadway in accordance with California Test 231 

Every 2,000 sq yd

 

Maximum Wet Density

California Test 216

35 lb

Relative compaction test site locations

Every 2,000 sq yd

Wet common-composite test maximum value may be used in accordance with California Test 231

Dimensions

N/A

N/A

Random locations

As necessary for acceptance

Verify thickness of aggregate subbase

Notes:

  1. Refer to California Test 125 for sampling procedures.
  2. If material is outside the specification limits, sample and test representative material every 500 cu yd so that deductions may be taken for noncompliant material.
Table 6-1.7. Materials Acceptance Sampling and Testing Requirements: Aggregate Bases (Standard Specifications Section 26)

Test

Test Method

Sample Size & Container Size

Sampling Location

(Note 1)

Acceptance Test Frequency

Remarks

AGGREGATE BASES

Gradation (Sieve Analysis)

California Test 202

50 lb

Windrow or roadway

Every 3,000 tons or 2,000 cu yd (See Note 2)

If uniform material is within specification limits, frequency may be decreased to 1 test per day

Sand Equivalent

California Test 217

50 lb

Windrow or roadway

Every 3,000 tons or 2,000 cu yd (See Note 2)

If uniform material is within specification limits, frequency may be decreased to 1 test per day

R-Value

California Test 301

50 lb

Windrow or roadway

Every 3,000 tons or 2,000 cu yd

R-value testing may reduced to 1 acceptance test per project when test records demonstrate that comparable material from the same source meets minimum R-value requirements

Durability Index

California Test 229

50 lb

Windrow or roadway

1 per project

Durability test not required for Class 3 aggregate base

Moisture

California Test 226

25 lb

Materials site or stockpile

2 daily when aggregate base is paid for by weight

 

Relative Compaction

California Test 231

Sample for California Test 216

Roadway in accordance with California Test 231 

Every 2,000 sq yd

 

Maximum Wet Density

California Test 216

35 lb

Relative compaction test site locations

Every 2,000 sq yd

Wet common-composite test maximum value may be used in accordance with California Test 231

Dimensions

N/A

N/A

Random locations

As necessary for acceptance

Verify thickness of aggregate base

Notes:

  1. Refer to California Test 125 for sampling procedures.
  2. If material is outside the specification limits, sample and test representative material every 500 cu yd so that deductions may be taken for noncompliant material.
Table 6-1.8. Materials Acceptance Sampling and Testing Requirements: Cement Treated Bases (Standard Specifications Section 27) (1 of 3)

Test

Test Method

Sample Size & Container Size

Sampling Location

(Note 1)

Acceptance Test Frequency

Remarks

CEMENT TREATED BASE Class A or Class B

AGGREGATE

Gradation (Sieve Analysis)

California Test 202, California Test 105

40 lb

Plant, truck, windrow, or roadway

1 every 3,000 tons or 2,000 cu yd, minimum 1 per day of production

 

Sand Equivalent

California Test 217

40 lb

Plant, truck, windrow, or roadway

1 every 3,000 tons or 2,000 cu yd, minimum 1 per day of production

 

AGGREGATE Class B

R-Value

(with and without cement)

California Test 301

100 lb for aggregate qualification

Windrow or roadway

Before production

 

CEMENT Type II Portland Cement

Various properties

must comply with Standard Specifications Section 90-1.02B(2)

See Standard Specifications Section 90-1.02B(2)

8 lb

Cement treated base plant or cement spreader

1 each 100 tons of cement, 2 per day maximum

Recommend 1 acceptance test per project for cement from approved suppliers and certificate of compliance with each shipment

WATER

Chlorides

California Test 422

Clean 2-qt plastic jug with lined, sealed lid

1 per source; at point of use

 

Water supplies for domestic use do not need to be tested

Table 6-1.8. Materials Acceptance Sampling and Testing Requirements: Cement Treated Bases (Standard Specifications Section 27) (2 of 3)

Test

Test Method

Sample Size & Container Size

Sampling Location

(Note 1)

Acceptance Test Frequency

Remarks

WATER (Cont.)

Sulfates

California Test 417

Clean 2-qt plastic jug with lined, sealed lid

1 per source; at point of use

 

Water supplies for domestic use do not need to be tested

COMPLETED MIX Class A

Compressive Strength

California Test 312

See California Test 312, Part II

Windrow or roadway before compaction

1 per day

If first 3 days of production test records demonstrate materials are in compliance, recommend test every 5 days of production

COMPLETED MIX Class B

R-Value

California Test 301

50 lb

Windrow or roadway before compaction

1 every 3,000 tons or 2,000 cu yd

Recommend R-value testing be reduced to 1 every 10,000 cu yd when test records demonstrate that material from the same source, and having comparable grading and sand equivalent values, meets the minimum R-value requirements

Table 6-1.8. Materials Acceptance Sampling and Testing Requirements: Cement Treated Bases (Standard Specifications Section 27) (3 of 3)

Test

Test Method

Sample Size & Container Size

Sampling Location

(Note 1)

Acceptance Test Frequency

Remarks

COMPLETED MIX Class A and Class B

Cement Content

California Test 338

See California Test 338, Part I

Windrow or roadway prior to compaction

1 every 1,500 tons or 1,000 cu yd, minimum 1 per day of production

 

Optimum Moisture

California Test 312

See California Test 312

Windrow or roadway

Prior to production

 

Moisture Content

California Test 226

10 lb in sealed container

Roadway prior to compaction

2 daily

 

Relative Compaction

California Test 312 or 231

Sample for California Test 216

Roadway in accordance with California Test 231

1 every 2,000 sq yd

 

Maximum Wet Density

California Test 216,

California Test 312

35 lb

Relative compaction test site locations

1 every 2,000 sq yd

Wet common-composite test maximum value may be used in accordance with California Test 231

Dimensions

N/A

N/A

Random locations

As necessary for acceptance

Verify thickness of cement treated base

Note:

  1. Refer to California Test 125 for sampling procedures.
Table 6-1.9. Materials Acceptance Sampling and Testing Requirements: Concrete Bases (Standard Specifications Section 28) Lean Concrete Base

Test

Test Method

Sample Size & Container Size

Sampling Location

(Note 1)

Acceptance Test Frequency

Remarks

LEAN CONCRETE BASES

Compressive strength (7-days)

ASTM C39

2 cylinders - 6x12 inches

Concrete truck discharge chute

1,000 cu yd or 1 day's production if less than 1,000 cu yd

 

RAPID STRENGTH CONCRETE BASE

Modulus of rupture (7-days)

California Test 524

3 beams - 6x6x20 inches

Concrete truck discharge chute

1 per 500 cu yd or 1 day’s production if less than 500 cu yd.

 

LEAN CONCRETE BASE RAPID SETTING

Compressive strength (7-days)

California Test 521

2 cylinders - 6x12 inches

Concrete truck discharge chute

1 per 500 cu yd or 1 day’s production if less than 500 cu yd.

 

CONCRETE BASE

Modulus of rupture (7-days)

California Test 523

2 beams of
6x6x32 in. for centerpoint loading or
6x6x20 in. for third-point loading

Concrete truck discharge chute

1,000 cu yd or 1 day's production if less than 1,000 cu yd

 

Dimensions

N/A

N/A

Random locations

As necessary for acceptance

Verify thickness of base

Note:

  1. Refer to California Test 125 for sampling procedures.
Table 6-1.10. Materials Acceptance Sampling and Testing Requirements: Treated Permeable Bases (Standard Specifications Section 29)
Asphalt Treated Permeable Base (ATPB) (1 of 4)

Test

Test Method

Sample Size & Container Size

Sampling Location

(Note 1)

Acceptance Test Frequency

Remarks

AGGREGATE

Percentage Crushed Particles

California Test 205

Combined two 40-lb canvas bags (See Note 2) or

Batch 160 lb (proportioned per bin percentages)

Plant

Prior to production and minimum 1 random for every 50,000 tons or less of paving

 

Los Angeles Rattler

(at 500 revolutions)

California Test 211

Combined two 40-lb canvas bags (See Note 2) or

Batch 160 lb (proportioned per bin percentages)

Plant

Prior to production and minimum 1 random for every 50,000 tons or less of paving

 

Film Stripping

California Test 302

Combined two 40-lb canvas bags (See Note 2) or

Batch 160 lb (proportioned per bin percentages)

Plant

Prior to production and minimum 1 random for every 50,000 tons or less of paving

 

Gradation

(Sieve Analysis)

California Test 202

Combined two 20-lb canvas bags (See Note 3) or

Batch 40 lb (proportioned per bin percentages)

Plant

1 for every 4 hours of production

 
Table 6-1.10. Materials Acceptance Sampling and Testing Requirements: Treated Permeable Bases (Standard Specifications Section 29)
Asphalt Treated Permeable Base (ATPB) (2 of 4)

Test

Test Method

Sample Size & Container Size

Sampling Location

(Note 1)

Acceptance Test Frequency

Remarks

AGGREGATE (Cont.)

Cleanness Value

California Test 227

Combined two 20-lb canvas bags (See Note 3) or

Batch 40 lb (proportioned per bin percentages)

Plant

1 for every 4 hours of production

Recommend 1 acceptance test per day if 3 consecutive results exceed 62

ASPHALT

Various properties based on asphalt type used; see Standard Specification Section 92

Based on asphalt type used; see Standard Specifications Section 92

1-qt can

Asphalt feed line connecting plant storage tanks

1 per day

Certificate of compliance required for each shipment; if asphalt binder source is not on approved list, sample and test asphalt before use

COMPLETED MIX

Asphalt Content

California Test 382

40 lb in metal containers

Plant, truck, windrow, or roadbed

1 for every 4 hours of production

 

AGGREGATE

Los Angeles Rattler

(loss at 500 revolutions)

California Test 211

50 lb

Plant

Prior to production and minimum 1 random for every 25,000 cu yd

 

Soundness

California Test 214

50 lb

Plant

No Data

 

Sieve Analysis (Gradation)

California Test 202

40 lb

Plant

1 for every 4 hours of production;

(See Note 4)

 
Table 6-1.10. Materials Acceptance Sampling and Testing Requirements: Treated Permeable Bases (Standard Specifications Section 29)
Asphalt Treated Permeable Base (ATPB) (3 of 4)

Test

Test Method

Sample Size & Container Size

Sampling Location

(Note 1)

Acceptance Test Frequency

Remarks

AGGREGATE (Cont.)

Cleanness Value

California Test 227

 

 

CEMENT

Cement, various properties;

must comply with Standard Specifications Section 90-1.02B(2)

Must comply with Standard Specifications Section 90-1.02B(2)

8 lb

Concrete plant

1 for each 100 tons, 2 per day max

Recommend 1 acceptance test per project for cement from approved suppliers with certificate of compliance

WATER

Chlorides

California Test 422

Clean 2-qt plastic jug with lined, sealed lid

At point of use; see Remarks

1 per source;

 

Water supplies for domestic use do not need to be tested

Sulfates

California Test 417

Clean 2-qt plastic jug with lined, sealed lid

At point of use; see Remarks

1 per source;

 

Water supplies for domestic use do not need to be tested

Setting Time

ASTM C 191 or

ASTM C 266

Contact METS for required quantity of water sample

At point of use

1 per source

Water supplies for domestic use do not need to be tested

Mortar Compressive Strength

ASTM C109

Contact METS for required quantity of water sample

At point of use

1 per source

Water supplies for domestic use do not need to be tested

Coloring Agents

Must comply with Standard Specifications Section 90-1.02D

Contact METS for required quantity of water sample

At point of use

1 per source

Water supplies for domestic use do not need to be tested

Table 6-1.10. Materials Acceptance Sampling and Testing Requirements: Treated Permeable Bases (Standard Specifications Section 29)
Asphalt Treated Permeable Base (ATPB) (4 of 4)

Test

Test Method

Sample Size & Container Size

Sampling Location

(Note 1)

Acceptance Test Frequency

Remarks

WATER

Alkalis

Must comply with Standard Specifications Section 90-1.02D

Contact METS for required quantity of water sample

At point of use

1 per source

Water supplies for domestic use do not need to be tested

Specific Gravity

Must comply with Standard Specifications Section 90-1.02D

Contact METS for required quantity of water sample

At point of use

1 per source

Water supplies for domestic use do not need to be tested

Notes:

  1. Refer to California Test 125 for sampling procedures.
  2. Store one 40-lb canvas bag for dispute resolution.
  3. Store one 20-lb. canvas bag for dispute resolution.
  4. If test records determine that aggregate gradation or cleanness value is close to specification limit or outside the specification limits, sample and test concrete every
    300 cu yd so that deductions may be taken for noncompliant material.
Table 6-1.11. Materials Acceptance Sampling and Testing Requirements: Reclaimed Pavement (Standard Specifications Section 30)

Test

Test Method

Sample Size & Container Size

Sampling Location

(Note 1)

Acceptance Test Frequency

Remarks

PULVERIZED ROADBED (Section 30-2)

Thickness

Thickness- Field Measurement

Field Measurement

Random location

3 per lot

 

Relative Compaction

(% min)

California Test 231

Sample for California Test 216

In accordance with California Test 231

1 every 2,000 sq yd and test compaction at every 6 in. of thickness

 

FULL DEPTH RECLAMATION–FOAMED ASPHALT (Section 30-3)

Relative Compaction

(% min)

California Test 231

Sample for California Test 216

In accordance with California Test 231

1 every 2,000 sq yd and test compaction at every 6 in. of thickness

 

Thickness

Thickness

California Test 531.
4- or 6-in.-diameter core, full thickness

3 random location per lot

See Section 4-4004 of this manual

 

Full Depth Reclamation—Cement (Section 30-4)

Thickness

Thickness- Core thickness measurement

California Test 531,
4- or 6-in.-diameter core, full thickness

3 random locations per lot

See Section 4-4004 of this manual

 

Cement application rate

Calibrated tray or equal

Building paper or pan of known area

Surface receiving cement

Each 40,000 sq ft, 2 per day minimum

To determine if application rate is within ± 5% of mix design rate

Relative Compaction

(% min)

California Test 231

Sample for California Test 216

In accordance with California Test 231

1 every 2,000 sq yd and test compaction at every 6 in. of thickness

 

Notes:

  1. Refer to California Test 125 for sampling procedures.
Table 6-1.12. Materials Acceptance Sampling and Testing Requirements: Seal Coats (Standard Specifications Section 37) (1 of 8)

Test

Test Method

Sample Size & Container Size

Sampling Location

(Note 1)

Acceptance Test Frequency

Remarks

Asphaltic Emulsion and Asphaltic Emulsion for Flush Coat

Various properties in accordance with Section 37 of Standard Specifications

See Section 37-2.02A(4)(b)(ii) of Standard Specifications

1/2-gal plastic jug with screw-on lid

Transport tanker

Each shipment

Certificate of compliance required with each shipment

Asphaltic emulsion spread rate

CT 339

Per test method

Full width of boot truck

Once per project

 

Polymer Modified Asphaltic Emulsion

Viscosity

AASHTO T 59

1-qt wide- mouth plastic jar with screw-on lid

Transport tanker

Each shipment

Certificate of compliance required with each shipment

Sieve Test

AASHTO T 59

1-qt wide- mouth plastic jar with screw-on lid

Transport tanker

Each shipment

Certificate of compliance required with each shipment

Demulsibility

AASHTO T 59

1-qt wide- mouth plastic jar with screw-on lid

Transport tanker

Each shipment

Certificate of compliance required with each shipment

Torsional Recovery

California Test 332

1-qt wide- mouth plastic jar with screw-on lid

Transport tanker

Each shipment

Certificate of compliance required with each shipment

Penetration

AASHTO T 49

1-qt wide- mouth plastic jar with screw-on lid

Transport tanker

Each shipment

Certificate of compliance required with each shipment

Ring and Ball

AASHTO T 53

1-qt wide- mouth plastic jar with screw-on lid

Transport tanker

Each shipment

Certificate of compliance required with each shipment

Table 6-1.12. Materials Acceptance Sampling and Testing Requirements: Seal Coats (Standard Specifications Section 37) (2 of 8)

Test

Test Method

Sample Size & Container Size

Sampling Location

(Note 1)

Acceptance Test Frequency

Remarks

Asphalt Modifier for Asphalt Rubber Binder

Viscosity

ASTM D445

1-qt round wide-mouth can with friction top lid or 1-qt rectangular can with screw-on lid

Sample port on tanker truck

1 random per project

 

Flash Point

ASTM D92

1-qt round wide-mouth can with friction top lid or 1-qt rectangular can with screw-on lid

Sample port on tanker truck

1 random per project

 

Molecular Analysis

ASTM D2007

1-qt round wide-mouth can with friction top lid or 1-qt rectangular can with screw-on lid

Sample port on tanker truck

1 random per project

 

Crumb Rubber Modifier for Asphalt Rubber Binder

Wire in CRM

(max %)

CT 385

CRM scrap tire:

Two 2.5 lb in gallon zip-lock bags

CRM high natural:

Two 2.5 lb in gallon zip-lock bags

CRM bulk bag

Minimum 1 random per project

 
Table 6-1.12. Materials Acceptance Sampling and Testing Requirements: Seal Coats (Standard Specifications Section 37) (3 of 8)

Test

Test Method

Sample Size & Container Size

Sampling Location

(Note 1)

Acceptance Test Frequency

Remarks

Crumb Rubber Modifier for Asphalt Rubber Binder

Fabric in CRM

(max %)

CT 385

CRM scrap tire:
Two 2.5 lb in gallon zip-lock bags

CRM high natural:
Two 2.5 lb in gallon zip-lock bags

CRM bulk bag

Minimum 1 random per project

 

CRM particle length

---

CRM scrap tire:
Two 2.5 lb in gallon zip-lock bags

CRM high natural:
Two 2.5 lb in gallon zip-lock bags

CRM bulk bag

Minimum 1 random per project

 

CRM specific gravity

CT 208

No text

No text

No text

 

Natural rubber content in high nature CRM (%)

ASTM D297

No text

No text

No text

 

Asphalt Rubber Binder or Modified Asphalt Binder

Cone Penetration

No text

1-qt round wide-mouth can with friction top lid

Asphalt feed line connecting to the HMA plant

Production start-up evaluation and 1 random per 5 samples

Certificate of compliance required with each shipment

Table 6-1.12. Materials Acceptance Sampling and Testing Requirements: Seal Coats (Standard Specifications Section 37) (4 of 8)

Test

Test Method

Sample Size & Container Size

Sampling Location

(Note 1)

Acceptance Test Frequency

Remarks

Asphalt Rubber Binder or Modified Asphalt Binder (Cont.)

Resilience

No text

1-qt round wide-mouth can with friction top lid

Asphalt feed line connecting to the HMA plant

Production start-up evaluation and 1 random per 5 samples

Certificate of compliance required with each shipment

Softening point

No text

1-qt round wide-mouth can with friction top lid

Asphalt feed line connecting to the HMA plant

Production start-up evaluation and 1 random per 5 samples

Certificate of compliance required with each shipment t

Asphalt Rubber Binder Viscosity

ASTM D7741

Five 1-qt round wide-mouth cans with friction top lids

Asphalt storage tank

The greater of 1 every 5 lots or once a day

For safety, engineer may witness contractor perform test

Base Asphalt Binder Properties

See Standard Specification Section 92

Five 1-qt round wide-mouth cans with friction top lids

Asphalt storage tank

The greater of 1 every 5 lots or once a day

Certificate of compliance required for each shipment; if asphalt binder source is not on approved list, test before use

Screenings/Aggregate for Chip Seals

LA Rattler

California Test 211

50 lb in canvas bags or 5-gal buckets

Stockpile

Once per project 

 

% Crushed Particles

AASHTO T 335

50 lb in canvas bags or 5-gal buckets

Stockpile

Once per project 

 
Table 6-1.12. Materials Acceptance Sampling and Testing Requirements: Seal Coats (Standard Specifications Section 37) (5 of 8)

Test

Test Method

Sample Size & Container Size

Sampling Location

(Note 1)

Acceptance Test Frequency

Remarks

Screenings/Aggregate for Chip Seals

Film Stripping

California Test 302

50 lb in canvas bags or 5-gal buckets

Stockpile

Once per project 

 

Sieve Analysis

California Test 202

30 lb

Stockpile

Twice daily

 

Cleanness
Value

California Test 227

30 lb

Stockpile

Once daily

 

Sand for Flush Coat

Sieve Analysis

California Test 202

25 lb

Stockpile

Once per project

 

Crack Treatments

Crack Treatment Material

Softening point

ASTM D36

2 each 3-lb minimum samples in silicone release boxes

From crack treatment material dispensing wand

Once per project

Indicate the specified type of crack treatment material on the TL-0101

Cone penetration

ASTM D5329

2 each 3-lb minimum samples in silicone release boxes

From crack treatment material dispensing wand

Once per project

Indicate the specified type of crack treatment material on the TL-0101

Resilience

ASTM D5329

2 each 3-lb minimum samples in silicone release boxes

From crack treatment material dispensing wand

Once per project

Indicate the specified type of crack treatment material on the TL-0101

Table 6-1.12. Materials Acceptance Sampling and Testing Requirements: Seal Coats (Standard Specifications Section 37) (6 of 8)

Test

Test Method

Sample Size & Container Size

Sampling Location

(Note 1)

Acceptance Test Frequency

Remarks

Crack Treatments (Cont.)

Crack Treatment Material

Tensile adhesion

ASTM D5329

2 each 3-lb minimum samples in silicone release boxes

From crack treatment material dispensing wand

Once per project

Indicate the specified type of material on the TL-0101

Asphalt compatibility

ASTM D5329

2 each 3-lb minimum samples in silicone release boxes

From crack treatment material dispensing wand

Once per project

Indicate the specified type of material on the TL-0101

Flexibility

ASTM D3111

2 each 3-lb minimum samples in silicone release boxes

From crack treatment material dispensing wand

Once per project

Indicate the specified type of material on the TL-0101

Specific gravity

ASTM D70

2 each 3-lb minimum samples in silicone release boxes

From crack treatment material dispensing wand

Once per project

Indicate the specified type of material on the TL-0101

Sieve test

See note in Section 37-6.01D(3) “Department Acceptance”
of the Standard Specifications

2 each 3-lb minimum samples in silicone release boxes

From crack treatment material dispensing wand

Once per project

Indicate the specified type of material on the TL-0101

Table 6-1.12. Materials Acceptance Sampling and Testing Requirements: Seal Coats (Standard Specifications Section 37) (7 of 8)

Test

Test Method

Sample Size & Container Size

Sampling Location

(Note 1)

Acceptance Test Frequency

Remarks

Sand for Crack Treatment

Sieve Analysis

California Test 202

25 lb

Stockpile

Once per project

 

Slurry Seal Aggregate

Los Angeles Rattler

(loss at 500 revolutions)

California Test 211

50 lb

Stockpile

Once per project

 

Percentage of Crushed Particles

California Test 205

50 lb

Stockpile

Once per project

 

Film Stripping

California Test 302

50 lb

Stockpile

Once per project

 

Durability Index

California Test 229

50 lb

Stockpile

Once per project

 

Sieve Analysis

California Test 202, California Test 105

30 lb

Stockpile

Once daily

 

Sand Equivalent

California Test 217

30 lb

Stockpile

Once daily

 

Micro-Surfacing Aggregates

Los Angeles Rattler
(loss at 500 revolutions)

California Test 211

50 lb

Stockpile

Once per project 

 

Percentage of Crushed Particles

California Test 205

50 lb

Stockpile

Once per project 

 

Durability Index

California Test 302

50 lb

Stockpile

Once per project 

 

 

Table 6-1.12. Materials Acceptance Sampling and Testing Requirements: Seal Coats (Standard Specifications Section 37) (8 of 8)

Test

Test Method

Sample Size & Container Size

Sampling Location

(Note 1)

Acceptance Test Frequency

Remarks

Micro-Surfacing Aggregates (Cont.)

Sieve Analysis

California Test 202

30 lb

Stockpile

Once daily

 

Sand Equivalent

California Test 217

30 lb

Stockpile

Once daily

 

Note:

  1. Refer to California Test 125 for sampling procedures.

 

Table 6-1.13. Materials Acceptance Sampling and Testing Requirements: Asphalt Concrete (Standard Specifications Section 39) (1 of 13)
Test Test Method Sample Size & Container Size Sampling Location
(Note 1)
Sampling Frequency Acceptance Test Frequency Remarks

AGGREGATE: All Types of HMA

Gradation
(Sieve Analysis)

(see See Note 2)

AASHTO T 27,
California Test 105,
California Test 384

Combined six 20-lb canvas bags
(see See Note 3)

or
Batch 30 lb (proportioned per bin percentages)

HMA plant

1 for each 750 tons,
1 per day minimum

Production start-up evaluation. Minimum 1 per day of paving

 

Sand Equivalent

AASHTO T 176

Combined six 20-lb canvas bags
(See Note 3)

or
Batch 30 lb (proportioned per bin percentages)

HMA plant or before lime treatment

1 for each 750 tons,
1 per day minimum

Production start-up evaluation. Minimum 1 per day of paving

Not required for OGFC (open graded friction course)

Percent Crushed Particles (Coarse)

AASHTO T 335

Combined six 20-lb canvas bags
(See Note 3)

or
Batch 30 lb (proportioned per bin percentages)

HMA plant or before lime treatment

1 for each 750 tons,

1 per day minimum

Production start-up evaluation, and minimum 1 random for every 25,000 tons or less of paving

 

Percent Crushed Particles (Fine)

AASHTO T 335

Combined six 20-lb canvas bags
(See Note 3)

or
Batch 30 lb (proportioned per bin percentages)

HMA plant or before lime treatment

1 for each 750 tons,

1 per day minimum

Production start-up evaluation, and minimum 1 random for every 25,000 tons or less of paving

 
Table 6-1.13. Materials Acceptance Sampling and Testing Requirements: Asphalt Concrete (Standard Specifications Section 39) (2 of 13)
Test Test Method Sample Size & Container Size Sampling Location
(Note 1)
Sampling Frequency Acceptance Test Frequency Remarks

AGGREGATE: All Types of HMA (Continued)

LA Rattler
(500 Revolutions)

AASHTO T 96

Combined six 20-lb canvas bags
(See Note 3)

or
Batch 30 lb (proportioned per bin percentages)

HMA plant or before lime treatment

1 for each 750 tons,

1 per day minimum

Production start-up evaluation, and minimum 1 random for every 50,000 tons or less of paving

 

LA Rattler

(100 Revolutions)

AASHTO T 96

Combined six 20-lb canvas bags

(See Note 3)

or

Batch 30 lb (proportioned per bin percentages)

HMA plant or before lime treatment

1 for each 750 tons,

1 per day minimum

Production start-up evaluation, and minimum 1 random for every 50,000 tons or less of paving

 

Fine Aggregate Angularity

AASHTO T 304, Method A

Combined six 20-lb canvas bags

(See Note 3)

or

Batch 30 lb (proportioned per bin percentages)

HMA plant or before lime treatment

1 for each 750 tons,

1 per day minimum

Production start-up evaluation, and minimum 1 random for every 50,000 tons or less of paving

Not required for OGFC or Minor HMA

Flat and Elongated Particles

ASTM D4791

Combined six 20-lb canvas bags

(See Note 3)

or

Batch 30 lb (proportioned per bin percentages)

HMA plant or before lime treatment

1 for each 750 tons,

1 per day minimum

Production start-up evaluation, and minimum 1 random for every 50,000 tons or less of paving

Not required for Minor HMA

Table 6-1.13. Materials Acceptance Sampling and Testing Requirements: Asphalt Concrete (Standard Specifications Section 39) (3 of 13)
Test Test Method Sample Size & Container Size Sampling Location
(Note 1)
Sampling Frequency Acceptance Test Frequency Remarks

ASPHALT BINDER

Various properties based on asphalt type used (see Standard Specifications Section 92)

See Standard Specifi-
cations
Section 92

1-qt round wide-mouth can with friction top lid

Asphalt feed line connec-
ting the plant storage tanks

1 per day of HMA production

1 random for every 5 samples

Certificate of compliance required for each shipment; if asphalt binder source is not on approved list, sample and test asphalt before use

ASPHALT RUBBER BINDER

Asphalt Rubber Binder

Properties

See Standard Specifications Section 39-2.03A(4)(e)(ii)

1-qt round wide-mouth can with friction top lid

Asphalt rubber feed line from the HMA plant

1 every lot

Production start-up evaluation and 1 random per 5 samples

Certificate of compliance required for each lot

Asphalt Rubber Binder

Viscosity

ASTM D7741

1-qt round wide-mouth can with friction top lid

Asphalt rubber feed line connec-
ting to the HMA plant

1 every lot

1 every lot

For safety, engineer may witness contractor perform test

Table 6-1.13. Materials Acceptance Sampling and Testing Requirements: Asphalt Concrete (Standard Specifications Section 39) (4 of 13)
Test Test Method Sample Size & Container Size Sampling Location
(Note 1)
Sampling Frequency Acceptance Test Frequency Remarks

ASPHALT RUBBER BINDER (Cont.)

Base Asphalt Binder
Properties

See Standard Specifications Section 92

1-qt round wide-mouth can with friction top lid

Asphalt storage tank

Each shipment

Production start-up evaluation and 1 random per 5 samples

Certificate of compliance required for each shipment; if asphalt binder source is not on approved list, sample and test asphalt before use

Asphalt Modifier
Properties

ASTM D445
ASTM D92
ASTM D2007

1-qt round wide-mouth can with friction top lid. or 1-qt rectangular can with screw-on lid

Sample port on tanker truck

Each shipment

1 random per project

 

Crumb Rubber Modifier (CRM)
Properties

California Test 208, California Test 385,
ASTM D297

CRM scrap tire:
Two 2.5 lb in gallon zip-lock bags;
CRM high natural:
Two 2.5 lb in gallon zip-lock bags

CRM bulk bag

Each shipment

1 random per project

 
Table 6-1.13. Materials Acceptance Sampling and Testing Requirements: Asphalt Concrete (Standard Specifications Section 39) (5 of 13)
Test Test Method Sample Size & Container Size Sampling Location
(Note 1)
Sampling Frequency Acceptance Test Frequency Remarks

HOT MIX ASPHALT: Type A

Moisture Content

AASHTO T 329

10 lb,
sealed metal container

Loose mix from behind the paver

(See Note 4)

Production start-up evaluation, and minimum 1 per project

Production start-up evaluation, and minimum 1 per project during paving

Test within 1 hour of sampling

Asphalt Binder Content

AASHTO T 308, Method A

60 lb
(See Note 5)

(8x8x3=8 boxes, 8x8x4=6 boxes, 8½x8½x4½=4 boxes)
(See Note 5)

Loose mix from behind the paver
(See Note 4)

1 for each 750 tons,
1 per day minimum

Production start-up evaluation; minimum 1 per day of paving

 

Maximum Theoretical

Density

AASHTO T 209

60 lb
(See Note 5)

(8x8x3=8 boxes, 8x8x4=6 boxes, 8½x8½x4½=4 boxes)
(See Note 5)

Loose mix from behind the paver
(See Note 4)

1 for each 750 tons,
1 per day minimum

Production start-up evaluation. 1 random test per day of paving

 

Table 6-1.13. Materials Acceptance Sampling and Testing Requirements: Asphalt Concrete (Standard Specifications Section 39) (6 of 13)
Test Test Method Sample Size & Container Size Sampling Location
(Note 1)
Sampling Frequency Acceptance Test Frequency Remarks

HOT MIX ASPHALT: Type A (Cont.)

Air Void Content

AASHTO T 269

100 lb
(See Note 5) (8x8x3=12 boxes, 8x8x4=10 boxes, 8½x8½x4½=8 boxes)

Loose mix from behind the paver
(See Note 4)

Production start-up evaluation, 1 every 25,000 tons of paving

Production start-up evaluation, and minimum 1 random for every 25,000 tons of paving

 

Voids in Mineral Aggregate

SP-2 Asphalt Mixture Volumetrics

100 lb
(See Note 5) (8x8x3=12 boxes, 8x8x4=10 boxes, 8½x8½x4½=8 boxes)

Loose mix from behind the paver
(See Note 4)

Production start-up evaluation, 1 every 25,000 tons of paving

Production start-up evaluation, and minimum 1 random for every 25,000 tons of paving

 

Dust Proportion

SP-2 Asphalt Mixture Volumetrics

100 lb
(See Note 5) (8x8x3=12 boxes, 8x8x4=10 boxes, 8½x8½x4½=8 boxes)

Loose mix from behind the paver
(See Note 4)

Production start-up evaluation, 1 every 25,000 tons of paving

Production start-up evaluation, and minimum 1 random for every 25,000 tons of paving

 
Table 6-1.13. Materials Acceptance Sampling and Testing Requirements: Asphalt Concrete (Standard Specifications Section 39) (7 of 13)
Test Test Method Sample Size & Container Size Sampling Location
(Note 1)
Sampling Frequency Acceptance Test Frequency Remarks

HOT MIX ASPHALT: Type A (Cont.)

Hamburg Wheel Track

AASHTO T 324 (Modified)

70 lb
(See Note 5) (8x8x3=9 boxes, 8x8x4=7 boxes, 8½x8½x4½=6 boxes)

Loose mix at plant, truck, or windrow

Production start-up evaluation, 1 every 10,000 tons of paving

Production start-up evaluation, and minimum 1 random for every 10,000 tons or less of paving

Not required for Minor HMA

Moisture Susceptibility

AASHTO T 283

140 lb

(See Notes 5 & 6) (8x8x3=18 boxes, 8x8x4=15 boxes, 8½x8½x4½=12 boxes)

Loose mix at plant, truck, or windrow

Production start-up evaluation, 1 every 50,000 tons of paving

Production start-up evaluation, and minimum 1 random test for every 50,000 tons of paving

Test for dry strength and wet strength; not required for Minor HMA

HOT MIX ASPHALT: With RAP/RAS

Binder Recovery

AASHTO T 164

ASTM D1856

10 lb

(8x8x3=1 box, 8x8x4=1 box, 8½x8½x4½=1 box)

Loose mix from behind the paver

(See Note 4)

Production start-up evaluation, 1 every 25,000 tons of paving

1 random for every 25,000 tons or less of paving

 
Table 6-1.13. Materials Acceptance Sampling and Testing Requirements: Asphalt Concrete (Standard Specifications Section 39) (8 of 13)
Test Test Method Sample Size & Container Size Sampling Location
(Note 1)
Sampling Frequency Acceptance Test Frequency Remarks

RUBBERIZED HOT MIX ASPHALT: Gap Graded

Moisture Content

AASHTO T 329

10 lb, sealed metal container

Loose mix from behind the paver

(See Note 4)

Production start-up evaluation, and minimum 1 per project

Production start-up evaluation, and minimum 1 per project during paving

Test within 1 hour of sampling

Asphalt Binder Content

AASHTO T 308, Method A

60 lb

(See Note 5) (8x8x3=8 boxes, 8x8x4=6 boxes, 8½x8½x4½=4 boxes)

Loose mix from behind the paver

(See Note 4)

1 for each 750 tons, 1 per day minimum

Production start-up evaluation; 1 random test per day of paving

 

Theoretical Maximum Density

AASHTO T 209

60 lb

(See Note 5) (8x8x3=8 boxes, 8x8x4=6 boxes, 8½x8½x4½=4 boxes)

Loose mix from behind the paver

(See Note 4)

1 for each 750 tons, 1 per day minimum

Production start-up evaluation; minimum 1 per day of paving

 
Table 6-1.13. Materials Acceptance Sampling and Testing Requirements: Asphalt Concrete (Standard Specifications Section 39) (9 of 13)
Test Test Method Sample Size & Container Size Sampling Location
(Note 1)
Sampling Frequency Acceptance Test Frequency Remarks

RUBBERIZED HOT MIX ASPHALT: Gap Graded

Air Void Content

AASHTO T 269

100 lb
(See Note 5) (8x8x3=12 boxes, 8x8x4=10 boxes, 8½x8½x4½=8 boxes)

Loose mix from behind the paver
(See Note 4)

Production start-up evaluation, 1 every 25,000 tons of paving

Production start-up evaluation, and minimum 1 random test for every 25,000 tons of paving

 

Voids in Mineral Aggregate

SP-2 Asphalt Mixture Volumetrics

100 lb

(See Note 5) (8x8x3=12 boxes, 8x8x4=10 boxes, 8½x8½x4½=8 boxes)

Loose mix from behind the paver
(See Note 4)

Production start-up evaluation, 1 every 25,000 tons of paving

Production start-up evaluation, and minimum 1 random test for every 25,000 tons of paving

 

Dust Proportion

SP-2 Asphalt Mixture Volumetrics

100 lb
(See Note 5) (8x8x3=12 boxes, 8x8x4=10 boxes, 8½x8½x4½=8 boxes)

Loose mix from behind the paver
(See Note 4)

Production start-up evaluation, 1 every 25,000 tons of paving

Production start-up evaluation, and minimum 1 random test for every 25,000 tons of paving

 
Table 6-1.13. Materials Acceptance Sampling and Testing Requirements: Asphalt Concrete (Standard Specifications Section 39) (10 of 13)
Test Test Method Sample Size & Container Size Sampling Location
(Note 1)
Sampling Frequency Acceptance Test Frequency Remarks

RUBBERIZED HOT MIX ASPHALT: Gap Graded (Cont.)

Hamburg Wheel Track

AASHTO
T 324 (Modified)

75 lb
(See Note 5) (8x8x3=9 boxes, 8x8x4=7 boxes, 8½x8½x4½=6 boxes)

Loose mix at plant, truck, or windrow

Production start-up evaluation, 1 every 10,000 tons of paving

Production start-up evaluation, and minimum 1 random test for every 10,000 tons or less of paving

 

Moisture Susceptibility

AASHTO T 283

75 lb
(See Notes 5 & 6) (8x8x3=18 boxes, 8x8x4=15 boxes, 8½x8½x4½=12 boxes)

Loose mix at plant, truck, or windrow

Production start-up evaluation, 1 every 50,000 tons of paving

Production start-up evaluation, and minimum 1 random test for every 50,000 tons of paving

Test for dry strength and wet strength

OPEN GRADED FRICTION COURSE (OGFC)

Asphalt Binder Content

AASHTO T 308, Method A

20 lb
(See Note 5)

4, 1-gal metal containers with friction lids

Loose mix from behind the paver
(See Note 4)

1 for each 750 tons, 1 per day minimum

Production start-up evaluation; minimum 1 per day of paving

 
Table 6-1.13. Materials Acceptance Sampling and Testing Requirements: Asphalt Concrete (Standard Specifications Section 39) (11 of 13)
Test Test Method Sample Size & Container Size Sampling Location
(Note 1)
Sampling Frequency Acceptance Test Frequency Remarks

OPEN GRADED FRICTION COURSE (OGFC)

Moisture Content

AASHTO T 329

10 lb, sealed metal container

Loose mix from behind the paver
(See Note 4)

Production start-up evaluation, and minimum 1 per project

Production start-up evaluation, and minimum 1 per project during paving

Test within 1 hour of sampling

BONDED WEARING COURSE: Gap Graded (BWC-G) (SeeNote 7)

Asphalt Binder Content

AASHTO T 308, Method A

20 lb

(See Note 5)

4, 1-gal metal containers with friction lids

Loose mix at plant

1 for each 750 tons, 1 per day minimum

Production start-up evaluation. Minimum 1 per day of paving

 

Moisture Content

AASHTO T 329

10 lb sealed metal container

Loose mix at plant

Production start-up evaluation, and minimum 1 per project

Production start-up evaluation, and minimum 1 per project during paving

Samples should be tested within 1 hour of sampling

PAVEMENT DENSITY

Density of cores

(% of maximum theoretical density)

(See Note 8)

California Test 375

4- or 6–in cores

Final layer, cored to the specified total paved thickness

1 for each 250 tons

1 for each 250 tons

Density applies to HMA thickness of 0.15 ft or greater

Table 6-1.13. Materials Acceptance Sampling and Testing Requirements: Asphalt Concrete (Standard Specifications Section 39) (12 of 13)
Test Test Method Sample Size & Container Size Sampling Location
(Note 1)
Sampling Frequency Acceptance Test Frequency Remarks

PAVEMENT SMOOTHNESS

Straightedge

N/A

N/A

Pavement surface (See Note 9)

Entire final surface

Entire final surface

Areas exempt from Inertial Profiler

Inertial Profiler for Mean Roughness Index and Areas of Localized Roughness

California Test 387

AASHTO R 56 & AASHTO R 57

Each 0.1 mile

Pavement surface

Entire final surface

Entire final surface

Entire final surface excluding areas requiring straightedge;

use contractor-furnished profiles for IRI values within 10% of Caltrans’ IRI values

TACK COAT

Asphalt Binder

Based on asphalt type used (see Standard Specifi-
cations
Section 92) 

1-qt round wide-mouth can with friction top lid

Spray bar on asphalt distributor truck

Each truckload

1 random per project

 

Asphaltic Emulsion

Based on emulsion type used (see Standard Specifi-
cations
Section 94) 

1/2-gal plastic jug with screw-on lid

Spray bar on emulsion distributor truck

Each truckload

1 random per project

 
Table 6-1.13. Materials Acceptance Sampling and Testing Requirements: Asphalt Concrete (Standard Specifications Section 39) (13 of 13)
Test Test Method Sample Size & Container Size Sampling Location
(Note 1)
Sampling Frequency Acceptance Test Frequency Remarks

TACK COAT

Spread Rate

California Test 339

N/A

Pavement

N/A

As necessary for verification of tack coat spread rate

Verify tack coat spray rate is sufficient to meet the minimum specified residual rate. (see example in Section 4-9403, “During the Course of Work,” in this manual)

Notes:

  1. Refer to California Test 125 for sampling procedures.
  2. When using RAP, RAS or RAP/RAS, adjust gradation by the correction factor determined under California Test 384.
  3. Store three 20-lb canvas bags for dispute resolution.
  4. Sampling HMA behind the paver is the preferred location. You may also take samples from the windrow, production plant, or truck.
  5. Sample sizes are based on split samples—one sample for acceptance testing, and one for dispute resolution. Store one-half of the boxes or cans for dispute resolution.
  6. Contractor ships directly to district material laboratory.
  7. For BWC using RHMA-G, RHMA-O, or HMA-O, sampling and testing must comply with requirements for RHMA-G, RHMA-O, or HMA-O.
  8. Determine percent of theoretical maximum density under California Test 375, except use AASHTO T 275 to determine in-place density of each core and AASHTO T 209, Method A to determine theoretical maximum density instead of calculating maximum density.
  9. May use Inertial Profiler data and ProVAL Smoothness Assurance “Rolling Straightedge Comparison Tool” to assist in determining where to check with 12-foot straightedge.
Table 6-1.14. Materials Acceptance Sampling and Testing Requirements: Concrete Pavement (Standard Specifications Section 40) (1 of 2)
See Table 6-1.17 for concrete materials
Test Test Method Sample Size & Container Size Sampling Location
(Note 1)
Acceptance Test Frequency Remarks

CONCRETE

Modulus of Rupture (Open to Traffic) California Test 523 (Field Curing) 3 beams of 6x6x20 in. for third-point loading
Concrete truck discharge chute
1 set for the last pavement section placed prior to opening to traffic
Not used for acceptance, only to verify that pavement can be opened to traffic

Modulus of Rupture (28-days)

California Test 523

3 beams of
6x6x20 in. for third-point loading

Concrete truck discharge chute

1 set per age for each 1,000 cu yd, 1 per day minimum (See Note 2)

Recommend frequency of every 2,000 cu yd if after 10 sets all tests are in compliance

Air Content

California Test 504

See test method

Concrete truck discharge chute

1 every day of production

Only test when air entrainment is specified

PAVEMENT

Thickness

California Test 531

4-in. diameter core, full thickness of pavement

See Section 4-4004, “Level of Inspection,” of this manual

1 every 1,200 sq yd

 

Dowel Bar Alignment and Concrete Consolidation

Measurement and Inspection

4-in. diameter core size

Transverse pavement joints

1 test every 700 sq yd

Each test consists of 2 cores, one on each end of dowel bar

Tie Bar Alignment and Concrete Consolidation

Measurement and Inspection

4-in. diameter core size

Longitudinal pavement joints

1 test every 4,000 sq yd

Each test consists of 2 cores, one on each end of tie bar

Coefficient of Friction

California Test 342

N/A

Pavement surface

1 test for each day of paving

Each test consists of 5 measurements

Smoothness -

Straightedge

Measurement with 12-ft straightedge

N/A

Pavement surface

Entire final surface requiring straightedge

 
Table 6-1.14. Materials Acceptance Sampling and Testing Requirements: Concrete Pavement (Standard Specifications Section 40) (2 of 2)
See Table 6-1.17 for concrete materials
Test Test Method Sample Size & Container Size Sampling Location
(Note 1)
Acceptance Test Frequency Remarks

PAVEMENT

Smoothness -

Inertial Profiler for Mean Roughness Index and Areas of Localized Roughness

AASHTO R 56, AASHTO R 57, and California Test 387

0.1 mile

Pavement surface

Entire final surface

Entire final surface excluding specified areas

Notes:

  1. Refer to California Test 125 for sampling procedures.
  2. If concrete modulus of rupture is close to specification limit or outside the specification limits, sample and test concrete every 1,000 cu yd so that deductions may be taken for noncompliant material.
Table 6-1.15. Materials Acceptance Sampling and Testing Requirements: Existing Concrete Pavement (Standard Specifications Section 41)
Test Test Method Sample Size & Container Size Sampling Location
(Note 1)
Acceptance Test Frequency Remarks

Individual Slab Replacement with Rapid Strength Concrete (Section 41-9)

Coefficient of Friction

California Test 342

N/A

Pavement surface

1 every 1,200 sq yd

Each test consists of 5 measurements

Smoothness -

Straightedge

Measurement with 12-ft straightedge

N/A

Pavement surface

Entire final surface

Areas exempt from Inertial Profiler

Modulus of rupture (3-days)

California Test 524

3 beams of 6x6x20 inches

Concrete truck discharge chute

1 per shift

 

Notes:

  1. Refer to California Test 125 for sampling procedures.
Table 6-1.16. Materials Acceptance Sampling and Testing Requirements: Concrete Structures (Standard Specifications Section 51)
See Table 6-1.17 for concrete materials
Test Test Method Sample Size & Container Size Sampling Location
(Note 1)
Acceptance Test Frequency Remarks

JOINT SEALS TYPE B (Section 51-2.02C(2))

Various properties; must comply with Standard Specifica-
tions
Section 51-2.02C(2)

See Standard Specifica-
tions
Section 51-2.02(C)

1 piece, 3 ft

Job site

Each lot

Certificate of compliance and certified test report required for each lot;
test report must include the seal movement rating, manufacturer minimum uncompressed width and test results;
submit samples at least 30 days before use

JOINT SEALS Type A and Type AL (Section 51-2.02B)

Various properties;
must comply with Standard Specifica-
tions
Section 51-2.02B(2)

See Standard Specifica-
tions S
ection 51-2.02B(2)

1 qt of each component and primer

Job site

1 sample from each component of each batch

Certificate of compliance required for each batch of sealant; submit samples at least 30 days prior to use

Notes:

  1. Refer to California Test 125 for sampling procedures.

 

Table 6-1.17. Materials Acceptance Sampling and Testing Requirements: Concrete (Standard Specifications Section 90) (1 of 9)
Concrete, Except Minor Concrete and Rapid Strength Concrete
Test Test Method Sample Size & Container Size Sampling Location
(Note 1)
Acceptance Test Frequency Remarks

AGGREGATE: Coarse Aggregate

Los Angeles Rattler

(loss at 500 revolu-
tions)

Cali-
fornia Test 211

See Note 2

Stockpile

Prior to production and minimum 1 random test for every 25,000 cu yd

1 for every 4,000 cu yd, if initial test shows abrasion loss greater than 40%

Clean-
ness Value

Cali-
fornia Test 227

25 lb

Stockpile

Prior to production and minimum 1 for every 600 cu yd, 1 per day minimum

Recommend 1 acceptance test per day if 3 consecutive results exceed 80; increase sampling to 1 for every 300 cu yd (deductive lot) with engineer’s authorization

Sieve Analysis

Cali-
fornia Test 202

50 lb

Belt Feed

Prior to production and minimum 1 for every 600 cu yd, 1 per day minimum

Recommend 1 acceptance test per day if 3 consecutive results are within operating range; increase sampling to 1 for every 300 cu yd (deductive lot) with engineer’s authorization

AGGREGATE: Fine Aggregate

Organic Impurities

Cali-
fornia Test 213

See Note 2

Stockpile

Prior to production or when contamination is suspected

 

Durability

Cali-
fornia Test 229

See Note 2

Stockpile

Prior to production

 

Sand Equivalent

Cali-
fornia Test 217

25 lb

Stockpile

Prior to production and minimum 1 for every 600 cu yd, 1 per day minimum

Recommend 1 acceptance test per day if 3 consecutive results exceed 80; increase sampling to 1 for every 300 cu yd (deductive lot) with engineer’s authorization

Table 6-1.17. Materials Acceptance Sampling and Testing Requirements: Concrete (Standard Specifications Section 90) (2 of 9)
Concrete, Except Minor Concrete and Rapid Strength Concrete
Test Test Method Sample Size & Container Size Sampling Location
(Note 1)
Acceptance Test Frequency Remarks

AGGREGATE: Fine Aggregate

Sieve Analysis

Cali-
fornia Test 202

50 lb

Belt feed

Prior to production and minimum 1 for every 600 cu yd, 1 per day minimum

Recommend 1 acceptance test per day if 3 consecutive results are within operating range; increase sampling to 1 for every 300 cu yd (deductive lot) with engineer’s authorization

AGGREGATE: Coarse & Fine Aggregate

Specific Gravity and Absorp-
tion

Cali-
fornia Test 206,

Cali-
fornia Test 207

See Note 2

Stockpile

Prior to production and when aggregate source changes

 

Sound-
ness

Cali-
fornia Test 214

See Note 2

Stockpile

Prior to production

Soundness for fine aggregate waived if durability is ≥ 60

Sieve Analysis (combined gradation deter-
mined with fine and coarse aggregate sieve analyses)

Cali-
fornia Test 202

No data

N/A

Prior to production and minimum 1 for every 600 cu yd, 1 per day minimum

Recommend 1 acceptance test per day if 3 consecutive results are within operating range. Increase sampling to 1 for every 300 cu yd (deductive lot) with engineer’s authorization

Table 6-1.17. Materials Acceptance Sampling and Testing Requirements: Concrete (Standard Specifications Section 90) (3 of 9)
Concrete, Except Minor Concrete and Rapid Strength Concrete
Test Test Method Sample Size & Container Size Sampling Location
(Note 1)
Acceptance Test Frequency Remarks

CEMENTITIOUS MATERIALS

Cement, various properties;
must comply with Standard Specifications Section 90-1.02B(2)

See Standard Specifications Section 90-1.02B(2)

8 lb

Concrete plant

Sample each 100 tons of cement, 2 per day maximum

Cement must be on Authorized Material List; cement accepted based on certificate of compliance with each shipment; recommend 1 verification test per 5 samples

Supplementary Cementitious Materials (SCM), various properties; must comply with Standard Specifications Section 90-1.02B(3)

See Standard Specifications Section 90-1.02B(3)

8 lb

Concrete plant

Sample each 100 tons of SCM, 2 per day maximum

SCMs must be on Authorized Materials List; SCM accepted based on certificate of compliance with each shipment; recommend 1 verification test per 5 samples

WATER

Chlorides

California Test 422

Clean 2-qt plastic jug with lined, sealed lid

At point of use

1 per source

Water supplies for domestic use do not need to be tested

Sulfates

California Test 417

Clean 2-qt plastic jug with lined, sealed lid

At point of use

1 per source

Water supplies for domestic use do not need to be tested

Setting Time

ASTM C 191 or

ASTM C 266

Contact METS for required quantity of water sample

At point of use

1 per source

Water supplies for domestic use do not need to be tested

Table 6-1.17. Materials Acceptance Sampling and Testing Requirements: Concrete (Standard Specifications Section 90) (4 of 9)
Concrete, Except Minor Concrete and Rapid Strength Concrete
Test Test Method Sample Size & Container Size Sampling Location
(Note 1)
Acceptance Test Frequency Remarks

WATER

Mortar Compressive Strength

ASTM C109

Contact METS for required quantity of water sample

At point of use

1 per source

Water supplies for domestic use do not need to be tested

Coloring Agents

Must comply with Standard Specifi-
cations
Section 90-1.02D

Contact METS for required quantity of water sample

At point of use

1 per source

Water supplies for domestic use do not need to be tested

Alkalis

Must comply with Standard Specifi-
cations
Section 90-1.02D

Contact METS for required quantity of water sample

At point of use

1 per source

Water supplies for domestic use do not need to be tested

Specific Gravity

Must comply with Standard Specifi-
cations
Section 90-1.02D

Contact METS for required quantity of water sample

At point of use

1 per source

Water supplies for domestic use do not need to be tested

ADMIXTURES: Air Entraining Agent

Air entraining properties

Must comply with Standard Specifications Section 90-1.02E

See Standard Specifi-
cations
Section 90-1.02E

1-qt can or plastic bottle of liquid, 2 lb of powder

Concrete plant

Sample each shipment

Must be on Authorized Materials List and certificate of compliance must accompany each shipment; recommend 1 verification test per 5 samples

Table 6-1.17. Materials Acceptance Sampling and Testing Requirements: Concrete (Standard Specifications Section 90) (5 of 9)
Concrete, Except Minor Concrete and Rapid Strength Concrete
Test Test Method Sample Size & Container Size Sampling Location
(Note 1)
Acceptance Test Frequency Remarks

CHEMICAL ADMIXTURE: Water Reducers or Set Retarders

Claimed properties, chloride identification

ASTM C494
Type A, B, D, F or Type G
California Test 415

1-qt can of liquid, 2 lb of powder

Concrete plant

Sample each shipment

Must be on Authorized Materials List and certificate of compliance must accompany each shipment; recommend 1 verification test per 5 samples

CONCRETE for Pavement and Structures

Shrinkage

AASHTO T 160 Modified
See Standard Specifications Section 90-1.01D(3)

Set of three:
4x4x11¼ in.

During mix design process

Prior to production

Engineer may use contractor-provided test result for acceptance; test results must be within 3 years of contract authorization date

CONCRETE Designated Compressive Strength 3600 psi or Greater

Yield

California Test 518

See test method

Concrete truck discharge chute; (See Note 3)

As necessary to assure accuracy of mix design; minimum 2 per each mix design

No deductions for cement content will be made based on the results of California Test 518

Concrete Uniformity

ASTM C143, California Test 533

See test method

Concrete truck discharge chute (See Note 3)

When compressive test specimen is fabricated and when consistency or uniformity is questionable, minimum 2 per day

 
Table 6-1.17. Materials Acceptance Sampling and Testing Requirements: Concrete (Standard Specifications Section 90) (6 of 9)
Concrete, Except Minor Concrete and Rapid Strength Concrete
Test Test Method Sample Size & Container Size Sampling Location
(Note 1)
Acceptance Test Frequency Remarks

CONCRETE Designated Compressive Strength 3600 psi or Greater (Cont.)

Concrete Uniformity

California Test 529

100 lb

Concrete truck discharge chute (See Note 3)

When uniformity is questionable

 

Compressive Strength

ASTM C172, California Test 540

1 set of 2 cylinders
6x12 in. for each test

Concrete truck discharge chute (See Note 3)

1 set per age for every 300 cu yd concrete or as required for acceptance, minimum 1 set per project

For trial batches, see Standard Specifications or job special provisions and Section 6-3, “Field Tests,” of this manual

Air Content

California Test 504

See test method

Concrete truck discharge chute (See Note 3)

1 every 4 hours of production and when test specimens are fabricated

Where air is specified for freeze-thaw resistance, a minimum of 1 every 30 cu yd

CONCRETE With Compressive Strength Less Than 3,600 psi

Concrete Uniformity

ASTM C143, California Test 533

See test method

Concrete truck discharge chute (See Note 3)

When compressive test specimen is fabricated and when uniformity is questionable

 
Table 6-1.17. Materials Acceptance Sampling and Testing Requirements: Concrete (Standard Specifications Section 90) (7 of 9)
Concrete, Except Minor Concrete and Rapid Strength Concrete
Test Test Method Sample Size & Container Size Sampling Location
(Note 1)
Acceptance Test Frequency Remarks

CONCRETE With Compressive Strength Less Than 3,600 psi

Concrete Uniformity

California Test 529

100 lb

Concrete truck discharge chute (See Note 3)

When uniformity is questionable

 

Compressive Strength

California Test 540,
California Test 521

1 set of 2 cylinders,
6x12 in., for each test

Concrete truck discharge chute (See Note 3)

1 set per age for every 300 cu yd,
minimum 1 set per project

 

Air Content

California Test 504

See test method

Concrete truck discharge chute (See Note 3)

When compressive test specimens are fabricated

Where air is specified for freeze-thaw resistance, a minimum of 1 every 100 cu yd

CURING COMPOUND

Curing Compound; must comply with Standard Specifications Section 90-1.03B(3)

ASTM C309

1-qt can

At time of use (See Note 1)

1 every shipment

Each shipment must have certificate of compliance that includes:

1. Test results for tests specified in Section 90-1.01D(6) of Standard Specifications

2. Certification that material was tested within 12 months before use

Table 6-1.17. Materials Acceptance Sampling and Testing Requirements: Concrete (Standard Specifications Section 90) (8 of 9)
Concrete, Except Minor Concrete and Rapid Strength Concrete
Test Test Method Sample Size & Container Size Sampling Location
(Note 1)
Acceptance Test Frequency Remarks

CEMENTITIOUS MATERIALS

Cement, various properties; must comply with Standard Specifications Section 90-1.02B(2)

See Standard Specifications Section 90-1.02B(2)

8 lb

Concrete plant

Sample and test if cement quality is questionable

Cement source must be shown on Authorized Materials List; certificate of compliance must accompany each cement shipment

Supplementary cementitious materials (SCM), various properties; must comply with Standard Specifications Section 90-1.02B(3)

See Standard Specifications Section 90-1.02B(3)

8 lb

Concrete plant

Sample and test if SCM quality is questionable

SCM source must be shown on Authorized Materials List; certificate of compliance must accompany each SCM shipment

ADMIXTURES: Air Entraining Agent

Air entraining properties; must comply with Standard Specifications Section 90-1.02E

See Standard Specifications Section 90-1.02E

N/A

N/A

 

Must be on Authorized Materials List and certificate of compliance must accompany each shipment

CHEMICAL ADMIXTURES: Water Reducers or Set Retarders

Claimed properties, chloride identification

ASTM C494 Type A, B, D, F or Type G California Test 415

N/A

N/A

 

Must be on Authorized Materials List and certificate of compliance must accompany each shipment

Table 6-1.17. Materials Acceptance Sampling and Testing Requirements: Concrete (Standard Specifications Section 90) (9 of 9)
Minor Concrete
Test Test Method Sample Size & Container Size Sampling Location
(Note 1)
Acceptance Test Frequency Remarks

CONCRETE

Yield

California Test 518

See test method

Concrete truck discharge chute (See Note 3)

As necessary to assure accuracy of mix design; minimum 1 per each mix design

No deductions for cement content will be made based on the results of California Test 518

Com-
pressive Strength

California Test 540,
California Test 521

1 set of 2 cylinders,
6x12 in., for each test

Concrete truck discharge chute (See Note 3)

Sample and test if concrete quality is questionable; minimum 1 per mix design

Minor concrete must have the strength described or 2,500 psi, whichever is greater; see Standard Specifications Section 90-1.02A

Air Content

California Test 504

See test method

Concrete truck discharge chute (See Note 3)

Where air is specified for freeze-thaw resistance, a minimum of 1 every 100 cu yd

 

CURING COMPOUND

Curing Compound; must comply with Standard Specifi-
cations
Section 90-1.03B(3)

ASTM C309

1-qt can

At time of use; (See Note 1)

1 every shipment

Each shipment must have certificate of compliance that includes:

1. Results for tests specified in Section 90-1.01D(6) of Standard Specifications

2. Certification that material was tested within 12 months before use

Notes:

  1. Refer to California Test 125 for sampling procedures.
  2. For initial testing, provide 100 lb of 1-1/2 in. x 3/4 in., 75 lb of 3/4 in. x No. 4, 75 lb of pea gravel, and 50 lb of sand. Use this material for California Test 202, 206, 207, 211, 213, 214, 217, 227 and 229.
  3. Refer to California Test 539 for method of sampling fresh concrete.
Table 6-1.18. Materials Acceptance Sampling and Testing Requirements: Miscellaneous Materials (1 of 5)
Test Test Method Sample Size & Container Size Sampling Location Acceptance Test Frequency Remarks

BARBED WIRE AND WIRE MESH FENCES (Section 80-2)

Barbed Wire, various properties; must comply with Standard Specifications Section 80-2.02D

ASTM A121

1 yd length

Job site

As necessary for verification if quality is questionable

 

BOLTS AND HARDWARE (Section 75)

   

2 samples each diameter

 

Each lot

Sample and test if not previously inspected at the source

CHAIN LINK FENCES (Section 80-3)

Wire Mesh, various properties;

must comply with Standard Specifications Section 80

ASTM A116, Class 1

2 ft width

Job site

Each lot for verification if quality is questionable

Certificate of compliance required for vinyl clad fencing

CONCRETE PIPE (Section 65)

Compliance with specifications

 

Contact METS for instructions

 

Contact METS for instructions

Sample and test if not previously inspected at source

CONDUIT (Section 86-1.02B)

Conduit, various properties;
must comply with Standard Specifications Section 86-1.02B

See Standard Specifi-
cations
Section 86-1.02B

2 ft. long from center of length,
2 samples each size

Job site

As necessary for verification if quality is questionable

 
Table 6-1.18. Materials Acceptance Sampling and Testing Requirements: Miscellaneous Materials (2 of 5)
Test Test Method Sample Size & Container Size Sampling Location Acceptance Test Frequency Remarks

ELECTRICAL CONDUCTORS AND CABLES (Section 86-1.02F)

Electrical conductors and cables, various properties;

must comply with Standard Specifications Section 86-1.02F

See Standard Specifi-
cations
Section 86

2 ft. long, include markings, 2 samples per gauge

Job site

Each lot for verification if quality is questionable

 

EXPANSION JOINT FILLER

Compliance with specifications

 

6 in. long, full width of sheet

 

Each 1,000 sq ft not less than 2 per shipment

 

GEOSYNTHETICS (Section 96)

Various properties;

must comply with Standard Specifications Section 96

See Standard Specifications Section 96

1 piece, 3 ft x full width of roll

Job site

Each lot for verification if quality is questionable.

See Remarks

Certificate of compliance required for each lot;
unroll at least 1 circumference before sampling

PAINT (Section 91)

Paint, various properties;

must comply with Standard Specifications Section 91

See Standard Specifi-
cations
Section 91

For miscellaneous painting, 1 qt (see Section 6-2 of this manual)

Job site

Each batch

If less than 20 gallons, testing not required and resident engineer must field release. Zinc-rich primer must be on the Authorized Materials List

PAVEMENT MARKERS (Section 81-3)

Pavement Markers, various properties;

must comply with Standard Specifications Section 81-3

See Standard Specifi-
cations
Section 81-3

20 markers

Job site

As necessary for verification if quality is questionable

Each shipment must have certificate of compliance

Table 6-1.18. Materials Acceptance Sampling and Testing Requirements: Miscellaneous Materials (3 of 5)
Test Test Method Sample Size & Container Size Sampling Location Acceptance Test Frequency Remarks

PERMEABLE MATERIALS: (Section 68-2.02F)

Durability Index

California Test 229

50 lb

Stockpile

Prior to use

 

Sieve Analysis

California Test 202

50 lb

Stockpile

Prior to use,1 every day

 

PERMEABLE MATERIALS: Class 3 (Section 68-2.02F)

Crushed Faces

California Test 205

50 lb

Stockpile

Prior to use

 

PRESTRESSED TENDON GROUT (Section 50)

Efflux time

California Test 541

One 6x12 in. cylinder mold can

From batch immediately after mixing for prequalification, thereafter from outlet end of tendon and/or storage tank

At the start of each day’s work, and thereafter 1 test per each 5% of ducts;

see Remarks

Repeat acceptance tests whenever source of material is changed

RAISED BARS (PRECAST)

Compliance with specifications

 

1 unit or full size bar

 

Each lot

Sample and test if not previously inspected at the source

REINFORCING STEEL (Section 52)

Reinforcing Steel, various properties

See Standard Specifi-
cations
Section 52

2 samples,

30 in., except 40 in. for No. 14 and No. 18

Job site

As necessary for verification if quality is questionable

Each shipment must be accompanied by a certificate of compliance

SLOPE PROTECTION (Section 72)

Size

N/A

 

Quarry or stockpile

As required for acceptance

Adequate size of slope protection documented by measuring or weighing the material

Apparent Specific Gravity

California Test 206

75 lb

Quarry or stockpile

Prior to use

 
Table 6-1.18. Materials Acceptance Sampling and Testing Requirements: Miscellaneous Materials (4 of 5)
Test Test Method Sample Size & Container Size Sampling Location Acceptance Test Frequency Remarks

SLOPE PROTECTION (Section 72) (Cont.)

Absorption

California Test 206

75 lb

Quarry or stockpile

Prior to use

 

Durability Index

California Test 229

75 lb

Quarry or stockpile

Prior to use

 

STEEL PRODUCTS

No text

No text

Contact METS for instructions

No text

Contact METS for instructions

 

STRUCTURAL STEEL AND MISCELLANEOUS METAL (Sections 55 & 75)

No text

No text

2 samples,

30-in., cut parallel to direction of rolling

No text

Each heat or melt or 10 tons or fraction

Sample and test if not previously inspected at the source

STRUCTURAL STEEL COATINGS (Section 59)

Paint, various properties;

must comply with Standard Specifications Section 59

See Standard Specifications Section 59

For bridge or major structure, send an unopened 5-gal can

Job site

Each batch;

see Remarks

Unused portion of 5-gal sample will be returned to job; see Section 6-2, “Acceptance of Manufactured or Fabricated Materials and Products,” of this manual

WATER-PROOFING MATERIALS (Section 54)

Glass Fiber

ASTM D1668, Type 1

9 sq ft of asphalt saturated cotton fabric

Job site

1 sample from each lot

 

Asphalt

ASTM D449

5 lb of asphalt

Job site

1 sample from each lot

 

Primer

ASTM D41

1 qt of asphalt
primer

Job site

1 sample from each lot

 
Table 6-1.18. Materials Acceptance Sampling and Testing Requirements: Miscellaneous Materials (5 of 5)
Test Test Method Sample Size & Container Size Sampling Location Acceptance Test Frequency Remarks

WELDED WIRE REINFORCEMENT (Section 52-1.02C)

Welded Wire Reinforcing Steel,
must comply with Standard Specifi-
cations
Section 52-1.02C

ASTM A 1064/A 1064M

9 sq ft

Job site

As necessary for verification if quality is questionable

Each shipment must be accompanied by a certificate of compliance

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