Chapter 4: Construction Details, Section 30: Reclaimed Pavements
- 4-3001 General
- 4-3002 Before Work Begins
- 4-3003 During the Course of Work
- 4-3004 Level of Inspection
- 4-3005 Quality Control
- 4-3006 Payment
Section 30 Reclaimed Pavements
This section provides guidelines for inspecting reclaimed pavements for work specified under Section 30, “Reclaimed Pavements,” of the Standard Specifications, which includes pulverized roadbed; full depth reclamation—foamed asphalt; full depth reclamation—cement; and crack and seat.
This section addresses operations related to construction of pavement bases by using reclaimed pavement as base material. Pavement reclamations include operations for pulverized roadbed; full depth reclamation—foamed asphalt; full depth reclamation—cement; and crack and seat.
Before work begins, take the following steps:
- Review the contract documents to determine the type of pavement reclamation and the locations where pavement will be reclaimed and placed as base material.
- At least 20 days before starting pavement reclamation work, obtain the contractor’s quality control plan, which details the methods the contractor will use to ensure quality of work and conformance with the requirements of the Standard Specifications.
- Hold a preoperation meeting to discuss the quality control plan and contractor’s method for performing each element of work affecting material quality, including acceptance testing priorities, lines of communication for test results, timeframes for reporting quality control and acceptance test results, and any contractual testing dispute resolution processes and mix design determination.
- Review the asphaltic emulsion submittals and verify that the asphaltic emulsions comply with Section 30-1.01C(2), “Asphaltic Emulsion,” of Standard Specifications.
- Review mix design when applicable. If the contractor proposes a cement content different from specified, review the proposed mix design test results. Based on test results, and in consultation with the district materials engineer, decide whether the proposed percent of cement will produce the design strength in the finished product.
- Conduct field visits to verify surface is prepared for operation.
For crack and seat, take the following steps:
- Designate and mark a section of roadway for contractor to construct the test strip.
- Identify locations of core to be collected by the contractor from test strip.
- Use the collected core from test strip to evaluate the effectiveness of contractor cracking operation.
During the work, take the following steps:
- Test for the specified attributes in accordance with the frequency shown in Section 6-1, “Sample Types and Frequencies,” of this manual. Initially, and in the case of borderline material, take and save additional samples. In case the first samples tested do not meet the requirements for contract acceptance, the extra samples may be tested to determine the extent of the failing material.
- Review the pavement reclamation test strip report for compliance before authorizing the contractor to start pavement reclamation activities. In the absence of the engineer’s authorization, the contractor may start pavement reclamation at their own risk.
- Obtain and review contractor’s daily quality control report for each lot.
- For acceptance of reclaimed pavement, conduct visual inspection to verify absence of defects such as segregation, tearing, scarring of surface, unevenness, and irregularity of compacted reclaimed pavement. Review the test result and verify the reclaimed pavement is compacted to specified relative compaction.
Suggested levels of inspection for typical reclaimed pavement activities are:
- Intermittent inspection of materials produced from pavement reclamation.
- Benchmark inspection of compaction of pulverized roadbed, full depth reclamation—foamed asphalt, and full depth reclamation—cement.
- Intermittent inspection of seating of cracked pavement.
Verify that the contractor is actively performing quality control on reclaimed, pavement-produced base throughout production operations by reviewing copies of quality control records, including quality control test results. Discuss the deficiencies and noncompliance with the contractor as soon as possible. Do not authorize pavement reclamation before all noncompliance is addressed.
Verify the reclaimed pavement compliance with the materials quality characteristics requirements, testing frequency, and sampling location for the type of reclaimed pavement.
For measurement and payment, review the plans and quantity calculations in the resident engineer’s file to determine if there is sufficient detail and accuracy to be used in the project records.
Issue a change order to cover ordered changes to the cement content for full depth reclamation—cement.
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