Highway Infrastructure Program (HIP)
The Highway Infrastructure Program, or “HIP” for short, was created in Section 122 in Division A of the 2010 Consolidated Appropriations Act, which authorized $650 million for the Program (HIP). HIP was created with the intent to specifically fund the “restoration, repair, construction, of federal aid eligible roads, bridges, and tunnels. The unobligated HIP funds allocated in 2010 were available until September 30, 2012, after which they lapsed without the option of reobligation. HIP funds that were authorized to projects, from the 2010 apportionment, were available for reimbursement of HIP eligible expenses until September 30, 2017, which is when all the remaining authorized HIP funds expired.
Then on March 23, 2018 the Congress passed the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2018, which was subsequently signed into law. This omnibus 2018 FFY spending bill to fund the US federal government included the Department of Transportation Appropriations Act, which again funded the HIP to construct highways, bridges, and tunnels. In 2019, with the passage of the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2019, additional HIP funding was added and the eligible expenses were expanded to allow for the “elimination of hazards and the installation of protective devices at railway-highway crossings”.
HIP funding is distributed to states by FHWA and further divided by states, which are required to coordinate with the relevant Metropolitan planning organizations and/or rural planning organizations as required by the Fixing America’s Surface Transportation (FAST) Act [23 U.S.C. 1101(b)].