Frequently Asked Questions
About Caltrans ADA Infrastructure Program
The US Department of Justice (DOJ) is responsible for the enforcement of Title II of the ADA. The DOJ regulations designate the US Department of Transportation (DOT) as the agency responsible for overseeing public agencies’ compliance with the ADA. The DOT has delegated the responsibility to ensure ADA compliance in the public right-of-way and on projects using surface transportation funds to the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA). The FHWA has in turn delegated the responsibility for enforcement of Title II of the ADA for transportation on public right-of-way in the state of California to Caltrans.
For transportation related ADA compliance on local public right-of-way, the FHWA enforces Title II of the ADA through Caltrans. Caltrans is required to perform an annual audit of a few randomly selected local agencies on their compliance with ADA and report to FHWA.
There are several requirements of Title II of the ADA. However, there are five key administrative requirements. These are:
- Designate a person responsible for all ADA activities
- Conduct and implement a self-evaluation
- Conduct and implement a Transition Plan
- Create and implement a Grievance Procedure
- Provide notice to the public about how ADA applies to Caltrans programs, services and activities.
Yes. An administrative requirement of Title II of the ADA is to have an individual designated as the ADA Coordinator that is responsible for all ADA activities. The Caltrans statewide ADA Coordinator can be reached at:
California Department of Transportation
ADA Infrastructure Program – MS #48
1120 N Street,
Sacramento, CA 95814
(866) 810-6346 (Toll Free)
(916) 324-1058 (Local)
No. To promote both efficiency and accessibility, public entities may choose to construct curb ramps at every point where a pedestrian walkway intersects a curb, but they are not required to do so. Alternative routes to buildings that make use of existing curb ramps may be acceptable under the concept of program accessibility in the limited circumstances where individuals with disabilities need only travel a marginally longer route. In addition, the fundamental alteration and undue burden limitations may limit the number or curb ramps required.
To achieve or maintain program accessibility, it may be appropriate to establish an ongoing procedure for installing curb ramps upon request in areas frequented by persons with disabilities as residents, employees, or visitors.
However, when highways are newly built or altered, they must have ramps wherever there are curbs or other barriers to entry from a sidewalk or path. Likewise, when new sidewalks or paths are built or altered, they must contain curb ramps wherever they intersect with streets, roads, or highways. Filling potholes is considered to be normal maintenance. Resurfacing beyond normal maintenance is an alteration.
If you have any additional questions related to Caltrans compliance with the ADA, please contact the Caltrans Statewide ADA Coordinator (firstname.lastname@example.org).