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Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) Program
Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) improves transportation safety and mobility and enhances productivity through the integration of advanced communications technologies into the transportation infrastructure and in vehicles. Intelligent transportation systems (ITS) encompass a broad range of wireless and wire line communications-based information and electronics technologies.
Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) Program focus on federal-aid Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) project development procedures to assure compliance with the federal ITS regulations, per Code of Federal Regulations, Chapter 23, Section 940 (23 CFR 940) entitled “Intelligent Transportation System Architecture and Standards.” In addition, these procedures establish the roles and responsibilities for all parties who are involved in the federal-aid ITS process.
Caltrans Division of Local Assistance (DLA) issued its Office Bulletin 10-10 "High-Risk (Formerly “Major”) ITS Project Procedure Change" on August 3 to address the procedure change for High-Risk (Formerly "Major") ITS Projects.
The requirements for projects in this program are subject to changes by Congress or FHWA each year. For the most current requirements, the local agency must rely on the latest annual FHWA ITS Deployment Program Guideline. The FHWA guidelines are normally issued every January and are available on the FHWA Discretionary Program web site at: http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/discretionary/
Even after the Authorization Act or Appropriations Act is passed, local agency sponsors with listed earmarks must submit a project description for review and approval by FHWA prior to authorization in order to proceed with the project. FHWA reviews the project description for integration, eligibility, funding match, ITS architecture, standards, reporting requiremnts, etc.
Upon FHWA approval of the project description, the project follows the federal-aid procedures in Chapter 13 "Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) Program," of the LAPG. This program, however, has a couple more requirements during and after construction. They are the quarterly status reports and project evaluation.
A. Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) Program Guidelines
Option #1- Download the Entire ITS Program Guidelines.
|TOC||Table of Contents||Section 8:||Right-of-Way|
|Section 1:||Introduction||Section 9:||Procurement/Construction|
|Section 2:||Types of ITS Projects||Section 10:||Record Keeping|
|Section 3:||ITS Project Development and Funding||Section 11:||References|
|Section 4:||General ITS Responsibilities||Section 12:||Web Sites|
|Section 5:||Funding Process Step-By-Step Procedures||Section 13:||Definitions|
|Section 6:||Environmental||Exhibit A:||Process Flowchart - High-Risk (formerly Major) ITS Projects|
|Section 7:||ADA Requirements||Exhibit B:||Process Flowchart - High-Risk (formerly Minor) ITS Projects|
B. Types of ITS Projects
ITS projects are divided into three types: Exempt, Low-Risk, and High-Risk projects. The planning and development process to be followed is different for these three types. The previous version of this Guideline referred to Low-Risk projects as “Minor” ITS projects, and High-Risk projects as “Major” ITS projects. .
The following attributes can often be used to classify ITS projects as exempt, low, or high risk.
Exempt ITS projects do not require a Systems Engineering Analysis (SEA) and are not covered under these ITS Program Guidelines. All activities of the traditional roadway project development life-cycle process will be followed. No further ITS-specific action is necessary. They can be any the following:
- Upgrades to an existing traffic signal – This may include, for example, adding or revising left-turn phasing or other phasing, adding pedestrian-crossing displays.
- Installing an “isolated” traffic signal – This is a signal not connected to any type of external signal-control system, nor likely to be in the future because of its isolation.
- Traffic signal timing projects – This includes all “studies” whose purpose is to change the coordination parameters for controlling a group of signals – but with no installation of new hardware or software.
- Studies, Plans, Analyses – This includes ITS Master Plans, Deployment Plans, Technology Studies, etc. whose product is only a document, with no new hardware of software installed.
- Routine Operations – This includes operating and maintaining any ITS elements or systems – again with no new hardware or software installed.
Low-Risk (formerly “Minor”) ITS projects are often referred to as ITS infrastructure expansion. Standard Plans, Standard Specification, and Standard Special Provisions are well documented. They will have all of the following characteristics:
- Single jurisdiction; single transportation mode (highway, transit or rail)
- No software creation; commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) or proven software
- Proven COTS hardware & communications technology
- No new interfaces
- System requirements fully detailed in writing
- Operating procedures fully detailed in writing
- Project life-cycle not shortened by technology service life
High-Risk (formerly “Major”) ITS projects are often referred to as ITS “System Developments.” They have one (or more) of the following characteristics:
- Multi-Jurisdictional or Multi-modal
- Custom software is required
- Hardware and Communications are “cutting-edge” or not in common use
- New interfaces to other systems are required
- System requirements not detailed or not fully documented
- Operating procedures not detailed or not fully documented
- Technology service life shortens project life-cycle
These risk factors are discussed in
- single transportation mode (highway, transit or rail)
more detail in Table 13-1.
C. SERF Form and other editable Forms
System Engineering Report Form (SERF), Exhibit 7-I (Word version, 2-page PDF version, and 4-page PDF version), is required for Low-Risk (formerly "Minor") and High-Risk (formerly "Major") ITS Projects. For detailed information regarding SERF, access Chapter 7 "Field Review," of Local Assistance Procedure Manual (LAPM). Samples of SERF can be found at FHWA California Division website http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/cadiv/segb/examples/delexp.htm
Other editable forms: Exhibit 3-A "Request for Authorization to Proceed with Preliminary Engineering", Exhibit 3-G "Federal Project Log Sheet (Minimum Requirements)"/, Exhibit 3-O "Local Federal-Aid Project Finance Letter", and Exbihit 7-B "Field Review Form".
System Engineering Management Plan (SEMP) is required for High Risk (formerly "Major") ITS Projects. The samples of SEMP can be found at FHWA California Division website http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/cadiv/segb/examples/del.htm.
E. Related Links
Caltrans home page: http://www.dot.ca.gov
FHWA California Division Office: http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/cadiv/
FHWA home page: http://www.fhwa.dot.gov
ITS Benefit-cost Database: http://www.benefitcost.its.dot.gov/
ITS System Cost Database: http://www.itscosts.its.dot.gov/
ITS Conformity Rule: http://www.its.dot.gov/aconform/aconform.htm
ITS Eligibility Costs for Operating a Transportation Management System: http://ops.fhwa.dot.gov/travelinfo/resources/ops_guide.htm
ITS Integration Program: http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/discretionary
ITS Standards: http://www.its.dot.gov
National ITS Architecture: http://www.iteris.com/itsarch/
System Engineering Guidebook for ITS: http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/cadiv/segb
NHI Its Training Courses: http://www.nhi.fhwa.dot.gov/home.aspx
UC Berkeley ITS Courses: http://www.its.berkeley.edu/techtransfer/train/opn/byDate.lasso
US DOT ITS site: http://www.its.dot.gov/
If you have any questions or are experiencing problems downloading, please contact your local Caltrans District Local Assistance Office or the Caltrans HQ Division of Local Assistance ITS Coordinator.
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