California Department of Transportation
 

The California Scenic Highway Program

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The stated intent (Streets and Highway Code Section 260) of the California Scenic Highway Program is to protect and enhance California's natural beauty and to protect the social and economic values provided by the State's scenic resources.

Scenic Routes in District 3 -  ED-50   ED-89   NEV-20   SIE-49   SAC-160

What are some of the benefits of scenic highway designation?

1. A scenic highway designation protects the scenic values of an era. Official designation requires a local jurisdiction to enact a scenic corridor protection program that protects and enhances scenic resources. A properly enforced program can:

* Protect from encroachment of inappropriate land uses such as junkyards, dumps, rendering plants and gravel pits.

* Mitigate uses which detract from scenic values by proper siting, landscaping or screening.

* Prohibit billboards and regulate on-site signs so that they do not detract from scenic views.

* Make development more compatible with the environment by requiring building siting, height, colors and materials that are harmonious with the surroundings.

* Regulate grading to prevent erosion and cause minimal alteration of existing contours and to preserve important vegetative features along the highway.

* Protect the hillsides by allowing only low density development on steep slops and along ridge lines.

* Prevent the need for noise barriers (sound walls) by requiring a minimum setback for residential development adjacent to a scenic highway.

2. A scenic highway designation can enhance community identity and pride, encouraging citizen commitment to preserving community values.

3. By preserving scenic resources, a scenic highway designation will enhance land values and make the area more attractive.

4. A scenic highway designation can be used to promote local tourism that is consistent with the community scenic values.

What is the California Scenic Highway Program and when did it start?
Many state highways are located in areas of outstanding natural beauty. California's Scenic Highway Program was created by the Legislature in 1963. It's purpose is to preserve and protect scenic highway corridors from change which would diminish the aesthetic value of lands adjacent to highways. The state laws governing the Scenic Highway Program are found in the Streets and Highway Code, Section 260 et seq.

What elements make a highway "scenic"?
A highway may be designated scenic depending upon how much of the natural landscape can be seen by travelers, the scenic quality of the landscape, and the extent to which development intrudes upon the traveler's enjoyment of the view.

What does the "State Scenic Highway System" include?
The State Scenic Highway System includes a list of highways that are either eligible for designation a scenic highways or have been so designated. These highways are identified in Section 263 of the Streets and Highways Code. A list of California's scenic highways and map showing their locations may be obtained from Caltrans' Scenic Highway Coordinators.

What is the difference between an "eligible" and an "officially designated" scenic highway?
The status of a state scenic highway changes from eligible to officially designated when the local jurisdiction adopts a scenic corridor protection program, applies to the California Department of Transportation for scenic highway approval, and receives notification from Caltrans that the highway has been designated as a Scenic Highway.

What is a scenic corridor protection program?
When a city or county nominates an eligible scenic highway for official designation, it must identify and define the scenic corridor of the highway. The agency must also adopt ordinances to preserve the scenic quality of the corridor or document such regulations that already exists in various portions of local codes. These ordinances make up the scenic corridor protection program.

What is included in a scenic corridor protection program?
There are minimum requirements for scenic corridor protection:
1. Regulation of land use and density of development.
2. Detailed land and site planning.
3. Control of outdoor advertising (including a ban on billboards).
4. Careful attention to and control of earthmoving and landscaping.
5. Careful attention to design and appearance of structures and equipment.

How are the boundaries of a scenic corridor determined?
A scenic corridor is the land generally adjacent to and visible from the highway. A scenic corridor is identified using a motorist's line of vision. A reasonable boundary is selected when the view extends to the distant horizon. Jurisdictional boundaries of the applicants are also considered.

What steps are necessary to receive official designation?
If a route is included on the list of scenic highways eligible for official designation, contact the Caltrans District Scenic Highway Coordinator for a copy of the Guidelines for the Official Designation of Scenic Highways. The city or county with jurisdiction over lands adjacent to the highway must take the following steps:
1.Inspect and evaluate the route to determine if it meets the current scenic highway criteria and to what extent, if any, development has intruded on the scenic views.
2. Submit a Resolution of Intent package to the Department Transportation Advisory Committee (DTAC) through the appropriate Caltrans district office. The package should include a Resolution of Intent by the local governing body, maps showing the scenic corridor and existing zoning, a map overlay of development in the corridor, a narrative description of the scenic elements, and a videotape representative of the highway segment. Caltrans District and Headquarters Scenic Highway Coordinators and DTAC evaluate each proposal. If it is determined that the corridor meets the scenic criteria, the applicant proceeds to Step 3. If the route fails this review, it is not advisable to continue seeking official designation.
3. Prepare and adopt a scenic corridor protection program. Caltrans staff and DTAC review the protection program. If it is determined that the program meets the legislative standards, a recommendation to designate the highway as scenic will be forwarded to the Caltrans Director.

Can highways still be added to the Scenic Highway System?
A city of county may propose adding routes with outstanding scenic elements to the list of eligible state highways. However, state legislation is required. Local governments should consult Caltrans' District Scenic Highway Coordinator before initiating action , to ensure that the route qualifies.

Can county roads become part of the Scenic Highway System?
Yes. Although there is no official list of county highways eligible for scenic designation, county highways that are believed to have outstanding scenic qualities are considered eligible. To receive official designation, the county must follow the same process required for official designation of state scenic highways.

How are officially designated scenic highways identified?
Caltrans places the colorful "poppy" sign, logo of the scenic highway program along the route. Also, the poppy logo identifies scenic highways on travel maps, and maps produced by the State Division of Tourism.

Is there special funding for the Scenic Highway Program?
There is no special funding for preparation of scenic highway nominations. Some types of projects on scenic highways may qualify for funding under the Transportation Enhancement Activities (TEA) Program.

Can scenic highways be widened or otherwise changed?
Official scenic highway status places no restrictions for making improvements on scenic highways. However, Caltrans works with appropriate agencies to coordinate transportation proposals and maintenance activities and to ensure the protection of scenic corridors to the maximum extent feasible.

Does official designation preclude development?
No, but the corridor protection program seeks to encourage quality development that does not degrade the scenic value of the corridor.

Can official designation be revoked?
The most critical element of the scenic highway program is implementation and maintenance of the scenic corridor protection program. Caltrans monitors officially designated scenic highways at least every five years. Designation can be revoked if the local government ceases to enforce its protection program. A city or county may request revocation if it no longer wishes to be part of the program.

What advantages does official designation offer?
A scenic highway can create a positive image for a community, preserve and protect environmental assets and encourage tourism.

How can I find out more about the Scenic Highway Program?
The Scenic Highway Coordinator at your local Caltrans district office can provide additional information.

Other Scenic Resources
National Scenic Byways Program - National Scenic Byways online provides travelers with current, detailed information about scenic byways throughout the United States. NSBO also gives byway organizations easy access to government and private resources related to scenic byways. (back to top)